revanche

play
noun re·vanche \rə-ˈväⁿsh\

Definition of revanche

  1. :  revenge; especially :  a usually political policy designed to recover lost territory or status

revanchism

play \-ˈväⁿ-ˌshi-zəm\ noun

Did You Know?

Revanche first appeared in English in the mid-19th century, deriving, along with our noun "revenge," from the Middle French verb revenchier ("to revenge"). The word developed its specific political application in the years following the Franco-German War (1870-71), which resulted in France losing the territory known as Alsace-Lorraine to Germany. (The territory was returned to France following World War I and then twice switched hands again during World War II.) Although "revanche" appears occasionally in English today, you are more likely to encounter its relatives "revanchism," which refers to a government's policy of revanche, and "revanchist," referring to a follower of such a policy. These words did not appear in English until the 20th century.

Origin and Etymology of revanche

French, from Middle French, alteration of revenche — more at revenge


First Known Use: 1853


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up revanche? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to search out and expose misconduct

Get Word of the Day daily email!