re·​plen·​ish | \ ri-ˈple-nish How to pronounce replenish (audio) \
replenished; replenishing; replenishes

Definition of replenish

transitive verb

1 : to fill or build up again replenish a supply of fuel … London's population was continually being replenished with recruits from the countryside …— Barbara A. Hanawalt … most of her income will be used to replenish the family's almost-depleted savings.— Louis Uchitelle … the fields are rotated every three years with other crops … so that the soil can replenish itself and remain nitrogen rich.— Eugenia Bone Apparently, animals sleep to regulate body temperature, organize memories and replenish the immune system …— Sandra Blakeslee
2a : to fill with persons or animals … be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earthGenesis 1:28 (Authorized Version)
b : to fill with inspiration or power : nourish … the American mind should cease to replenish itself with the mighty wonders of Europe …— Van Wyck Brooks
c archaic : to supply fully : perfect … his hive had so long been replenished with honey …— William Wordsworth …the most replenished villain in the world …— William Shakespeare

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Other Words from replenish

replenishable \ ri-​ˈple-​ni-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce replenish (audio) \ adjective
replenisher noun
replenishment \ ri-​ˈple-​nish-​mənt How to pronounce replenish (audio) \ noun

Examples of replenish in a Sentence

An efficient staff of workers replenished the trays of appetizers almost as quickly as guests emptied them. He replenished his supply of wood in preparation for the winter. Drink this—you need to replenish your fluids after your hike. plants that replenish soil nutrients
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Recent Examples on the Web If that happens, a government managed shutdown could occur to allow time for the crab stocks to replenish. Lynette Rice,, "Deadliest Catch first look: Sig Hansen begs Jonathan Hillstrand to postpone retirement, save fishery," 20 Apr. 2021 Associations representing employers throughout Illinois asking urging lawmakers to use some of the $7.5 billion the state is getting in federal funds to replenish the state’s unemployment insurance trust fund. Greg Bishop, Washington Examiner, "Employer associations urge Illinois lawmakers to use federal funds to pay off unemployment debt," 15 Apr. 2021 In contrast to corn, which has shallow roots, deep grain or pasture crops pull nutrients from deep in the ground to replenish topsoil. Shawn Tully, Fortune, "Bill Gates and other billionaires are doubling down on a surprising investment—and you can access it, too," 15 Apr. 2021 This has also allowed suppliers to replenish inventory to keep up with demand. Parija Bhatnagar, CNN, "Americans are finally buying less toilet paper and wipes," 13 Apr. 2021 Pope’s recruiting skills will surely be put to the test this offseason to replenish his roster. Norma Gonzalez, The Salt Lake Tribune, "With four BYU Cougars in the transfer portal, center Matt Haarms reconsidering his decision to leave," 6 Apr. 2021 Retaining four players from his first season that produced four wins, Walsh brought in 11 freshmen to replenish the roster, which was the youngest in NCAA Division I. Edward Lee,, "‘No one is stopping you’: How a bold prediction led Coppin State volleyball to its first division title," 30 Mar. 2021 Instead, the virus is probably infecting support cells in the olfactory system, which normally help replenish the supply of smell-receptor neurons. Sarah Zhang, The Atlantic, "Relearning to Smell After COVID-19 Is Its Own Strange Experience," 22 Mar. 2021 That includes Republican mayors seeking federal assistance to replenish tax revenue shortages. Joey Garrison, USA TODAY, "'The need is real': GOP mayors embrace Biden's COVID-19 relief plan even as Republican lawmakers pan it," 25 Feb. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'replenish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of replenish

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for replenish

Middle English replenisshen, from Anglo-French repleniss-, stem of replenir to fill, from re- + plein full, from Latin plenus — more at full

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Time Traveler for replenish

Time Traveler

The first known use of replenish was in the 14th century

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Statistics for replenish

Last Updated

2 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Replenish.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for replenish



English Language Learners Definition of replenish

somewhat formal : to fill or build up (something) again


re·​plen·​ish | \ ri-ˈple-nish How to pronounce replenish (audio) \
replenished; replenishing

Kids Definition of replenish

: to make full or complete once more We need to replenish our supplies.

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Comments on replenish

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