red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : of the color red
b : having red as a distinguishing color
2a(1) : flushed especially with anger or embarrassment
(2) : ruddy, florid
(3) : being or having skin of a coppery hue
b : bloodshot eyes red from crying
c : being in the color range between a moderate orange and russet or bay
d : tinged with red : reddish
3 : heated to redness : glowing
4a : inciting or endorsing radical social or political change especially by force
b often capitalized : communist
c often capitalized : of or relating to a communist country and especially to the U.S.S.R.
5 US politics : tending to support Republican candidates or policies Some choices are easy. You're either a dog guy or a cat guy. Red state or blue.— Rick Reilly — compare blue sense 9, purple sense 3
red in tooth and claw
: characterized by or displaying brutal emotion or violent behavior

red

noun
plural reds

Definition of red (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : red clothing the lady in red
3 : one that is of a red or reddish color: such as
a : red wine
b : an animal with a red or reddish coat
4a : a pigment or dye that colors red
b : a shade or tint of red
5a : one who advocates the violent overthrow of an existing social or political order
b capitalized : communist
6 [ from the bookkeeping practice of entering debit items in red ink ] : the condition of showing a loss usually used with the in the red — compare black
7 physics : one of the three colors (see color entry 1 sense 15) that quarks have in the theory of quantum chromodynamics In QCD there is actually not just one type of quark, but three types or "colors" of quarks. These are sometimes denoted as "red," "blue," and "green" quarks …— Edward Witten

Definition of red (Entry 3 of 4)

reduce; reduction

Red

geographical name
\ ˈred How to pronounce Red (audio) \

Definition of Red (Entry 4 of 4)

1 river 1018 miles (1638 kilometers) long flowing east on the Oklahoma–Texas boundary and into the Atchafalaya and Mississippi rivers in Louisiana
2 river in north central U.S. and south central Canada flowing north on the Minnesota–North Dakota boundary and into Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba
3 — see arctic red
4 or Hong \ ˈhȯŋ How to pronounce Hong (audio) \ or (in China) Yuan \ yu̇-​ˈän How to pronounce Yuan (audio) , -​ˈan \ river 500 miles (805 kilometers) long in southeastern Asia rising in central Yunnan, China, and flowing southeast across northern Vietnam into the Gulf of Tonkin

Keep scrolling for more

Examples of red in a Sentence

Adjective

a shiny red fire truck His face turns red when he gets angry.

Noun

The artist uses red to symbolize passion. a lady dressed in red the reds and oranges of autumn leaves
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Some other experts describe the light spikes as sparkly and red or pink. Fox News, "Astronomers spot moon ‘flashing at us’ and no one can explain why," 17 June 2019 About 230 Berlin High School seniors donned their bright red or blue gowns Sunday afternoon and walked across the graduation stage at Central Connecticut State University’s Herbert D. Welte Hall. Emily Brindley, courant.com, "Berlin High School seniors reflect on past, look toward bright future," 16 June 2019 Joe went as far as to change the light bulb on his front porch from white to red so ambulances could find their house easier. Marie Milano, Country Living, "'Criminal Minds' Star Joe Mantegna and His Wife Arlene Have the Sweetest Love Story," 15 June 2019 Her once-signature red lip has been swapped for a bright fuchsia. Rachel Lubitz, refinery29.com, "Taylor Swift's Makeup On Her Lover Album Cover Is Already Inspiring Fans," 14 June 2019 The truest swing area of Florida, Coker said, tends to be the area around Tampa Bay, where Trump flipped Pinellas County from Democrat blue to Republican red in 2016. Steven Lemongello, orlandosentinel.com, "Why is President Trump’s campaign coming to Orlando? It’s key to winning Florida, experts say.," 13 June 2019 Moreover, Coutinho has pedigree in the Premier League, earning many admirers after his exploits in red. SI.com, "Philippe Coutinho Slips Out of Chelsea's Reach as Transfer Ban Decision Is Upheld," 13 June 2019 One of the 32 counties in Iowa’s 99 counties that Trump flipped from red to blue in 2016. Philip Elliott, Time, "Joe Biden Is Ahead in the Iowa Polls. But His Rivals Are Ahead on Organizing," 11 June 2019 The primary stat in this screen is a red or green meter that tells you how sympathetic the character is to Dedsec, the hacking collective from previous Watch Dogs games. Sam Machkovech, Ars Technica, "Watch Dogs Legion gameplay premiere: Taking the “N” out of “NPC”," 10 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

After all, as any stylist will tell you, reds are some of the most notoriously difficult shades to both achieve and maintain. Teen Vogue, "Ariel Winter Debuts "Little Mermaid" Red Hair on Instagram," 5 May 2019 Another sparkling red is Brachetto, which has similar fruity notes of black raspberry and cherry, and adds the perfect fizz to after-dinner treats, like chocolate strawberries. Lauren Sheffield, Harper's BAZAAR, "Forget Rosé: These Are the Wines You Need to Be Sipping," 26 July 2018 The blue stripes portray cooler years, while the reds are hot. Jason Samenow, Washington Post, "Climate change in the United States presented in 123 red, white and blue stripes," 24 May 2018 Royal Park Fine Wines will hold its annual Taste of Summer wine and beer tasting 5-7 p.m. Two dozen highly rated value wines (reds, whites, rose, sparkling, sweet and dry) along with six craft beers will be poured. Marc Bona, cleveland.com, "Beer calendar: Platform’s 5th anniversary party, Great Lakes dinner and release, more," 3 June 2019 There’s red, terrazzo-like flooring glinting with a subtle sparkle. Lilah Ramzi, Vogue, "A First Look Inside John Barrett’s New 57th Street Salon," 29 Apr. 2019 When the skin barrier is compromised, a host of cellular reactions—like the red, dry, and blotchy skin—can occur. Talia Abbas, SELF, "11 Tips for How to Treat Eczema During the Winter," 7 Jan. 2019 The red was the trickiest, yet most satisfying addition for Aquaria. Devon Abelman, Allure, "Aquaria Reveals the Story Behind Her New Eye Shadow Palette With Nyx Professional Makeup," 20 May 2019 Check out the thermal imaging view of this author enjoying a toasty lap and shoulder region, represented in hot pink and red in the image above. Alexander Stoklosa, Car and Driver, "Mercedes-Benz Is Developing Heated Seatbelts, But It's Not Just for Comfort Reasons," 20 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'red.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of red

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for red

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English rēad; akin to Old High German rōt red, Latin ruber & rufus, Greek erythros

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about red

Dictionary Entries near red

recuse

recut

recycle

red

Red

redact

redacted

Statistics for red

Last Updated

22 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for red

The first known use of red was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for red

red

noun

Financial Definition of red

What It Is

Red is slang for loss. Losses are the negative amount remaining after all costs, depreciation, interest, taxes, and other expenses have been deducted from total sales. The formula for profit is:

Total Sales - Total Expenses = Profit

When expenses exceed sales, a company is “in the red.”

How It Works

Here is some information about Company XYZ for last year:

Using the formula and the information above, we can calculate that Company XYZ's profit was:

$1,000,000 - $500,000 - $400,000 - $200,000 - $5,000 + $1,000 = -$104,000

This means that Company XYZ lost $104,000 last year. It was “in the red.”

Why It Matters

Philosophically speaking, being in the red is bad. Being in “the black,” which means a company is profitable, is what motivates industry, entrepreneurship and innovation. It is the very thing that enables people to feed themselves, clothe their families, create jobs and set money aside for the future.

Profit is one of the most analyzed numbers a company can produce, and it plays a part in many other financial measures. It is also important to understand that changes in accounting methods can greatly influence whether a company is in the red, and these changes may have little to do with a company's actual operations.

In the retail industry, companies are often in the red until the fourth quarter, when Christmas shopping begins. This is the source of the term “Black Friday.”

Source: Investing Answers

red

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: having the color of blood
: reddish brown or reddish orange in color
of a person's face : pink because of embarrassment, anger, etc.

red

noun

English Language Learners Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

: the color of blood
somewhat old-fashioned, informal + disapproving : a Communist or someone who supports Communists

red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Kids Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : of the color of blood : colored red a red light
2 : flushed with emotion (as embarrassment) His face was red.

Other Words from red

redness noun

red

noun

Kids Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the color of blood or of the ruby
2 : something red in color She's wearing red.

Keep scrolling for more

red

adjective
\ ˈred How to pronounce red (audio) \
redder; reddest

Medical Definition of red

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: of the color red

red

noun

Medical Definition of red (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a color whose hue resembles that of blood or of the ruby or is that of the long-wave extreme of the visible spectrum
2 : a pigment or dye that colors red — see congo red, neutral red, vital red

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on red

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for red

Spanish Central: Translation of red

Nglish: Translation of red for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of red for Arabic Speakers

Comments on red

What made you want to look up red? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to take the place or position of

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words for Summer: A Quiz

  • a closeup of a sunflower
  • Which of the following words means “of or relating to summer”?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!