recognizance

noun
re·​cog·​ni·​zance | \ ri-ˈkäg-nə-zən(t)s How to pronounce recognizance (audio) , -ˈkä-nə-\

Definition of recognizance

1a : an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an act (such as appearance in court) usually under penalty of a money forfeiture released on his own recognizance
b : the sum liable to forfeiture upon such an obligation
2 archaic : token, pledge

Examples of recognizance in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Patten has been released on his own recognizance since pleading guilty Aug. 31. Spencer S. Hsu, The Seattle Times, "Political consultant Patten sentenced to probation after steering Ukrainian money to Trump inaugural," 12 Apr. 2019 Tennis was released on a $1,092 personal recognizance bond. Fox News, "Day care owner allegedly spanked boy, 4, with a paddle nicknamed 'Bob'," 2 Oct. 2018 After a quick debrief, I am sent on a second flight, on my own recognizance, free to buzz around the company’s corner of the lake at a top speed of 10 miles per hour. Dan Neil, WSJ, "The First Flying-Car Review," 12 Sep. 2018 Tennis was released on a $1,092 personal recognizance bond. Fox News, "Day care owner allegedly spanked boy, 4, with a paddle nicknamed 'Bob'," 2 Oct. 2018 Phillips set the $15,000 personal recognizance bonds and gave each man until 3 p.m. Tuesday to appear at the jail to be booked and released. Bruce Vielmetti, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Court official denies request to split up couple accused of scamming elderly neighbor pending fraud case," 8 Jan. 2018 Young, whose bail had been set at $10,000, was released from the DuPage County jail Thursday afternoon on personal recognizance bond, records show. Hannah Leone, Aurora Beacon-News, "Two men charged in Aurora gas station robbery," 12 Apr. 2018 His attorney says Ohazulume denies the allegations and asked for his release on personal recognizance. Fox News, "Catholic priest charged with sexually assaulting young girl," 12 Sep. 2018 He was released on personal recognizance and ordered to have no contact with the woman. Thomas Oide, BostonGlobe.com, "Boston police dog plays role in arrest," 2 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'recognizance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of recognizance

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for recognizance

Middle English recognissance, alteration of reconissaunce, from Anglo-French, from reconoistre to recognize

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Statistics for recognizance

Last Updated

26 Apr 2019

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Time Traveler for recognizance

The first known use of recognizance was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for recognizance

recognizance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of recognizance

US, law : a legal promise made by someone before a court of law that must be kept to avoid being punished

recognizance

noun
re·​cog·​ni·​zance | \ ri-ˈkäg-nə-zəns How to pronounce recognizance (audio) \

Legal Definition of recognizance

1 : an obligation entered into on the record before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an act (as the paying of a debt) usually under penalty of a money forfeiture also : the sum liable to forfeiture
2 : a simple personal obligation or undertaking (as to appear in court) entered into before a magistrate and having no money penalty attached released on his own recognizance

History and Etymology for recognizance

Anglo-French recognisance reconisance, literally, recognition, from Old French reconoisance, from reconoistre to recognize, from Latin recognoscere

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