recognizance

noun re·cog·ni·zance \ ri-ˈkäg-nə-zən(t)s , -ˈkä-nə- \

Definition of recognizance

1 a :an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an act (such as appearance in court) usually under penalty of a money forfeiture
  • released on his own recognizance
b :the sum liable to forfeiture upon such an obligation
2 archaic :token, pledge

Recent Examples of recognizance from the Web

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Origin and Etymology of recognizance

Middle English recognissance, alteration of reconissaunce, from Anglo-French, from reconoistre to recognize



RECOGNIZANCE Defined for English Language Learners

recognizance

noun

Definition of recognizance for English Language Learners

  • law : a legal promise made by someone before a court of law that must be kept to avoid being punished


Law Dictionary

recognizance

noun re·cog·ni·zance \ ri-ˈkäg-nə-zəns \

legal Definition of recognizance

1 :an obligation entered into on the record before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an act (as the paying of a debt) usually under penalty of a money forfeiture; also :the sum liable to forfeiture
2 :a simple personal obligation or undertaking (as to appear in court) entered into before a magistrate and having no money penalty attached
  • released on his own recognizance

Origin and Etymology of recognizance

Anglo-French recognisance reconisance, literally, recognition, from Old French reconoisance, from reconoistre to recognize, from Latin recognoscere



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