recidivist

noun

re·​cid·​i·​vist ri-ˈsi-də-vist How to pronounce recidivist (audio)
: one who relapses
specifically : a habitual criminal
recidivist adjective
recidivistic adjective

Examples of recidivist in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Time after time after time, Post was released on bail before June 9 because our bail system fails to address recidivists. Kevin Rennie, Hartford Courant, 15 June 2024 The attack comes less than four months after another recidivist criminal was accused of stabbing two teen sisters visiting New York from Paraguay at Grand Central on Christmas morning. John Annese, New York Daily News, 14 Apr. 2024 Among the violations when recidivist Saveur made this list back in November: employees washing their hands by dipping them in a bucket of bleach and water then returning to food preparation. David J. Neal, Miami Herald, 31 May 2024 Overall numbers on recidivist crimes are hard to establish because the Russian government restricts the release of any public information that puts the war in a bad light. Milana Mazaeva, New York Times, 6 Apr. 2024 In February 2023, the 66-year-old Augustine was waiting for a subway train in Brooklyn's Crown Heights neighborhood when he was randomly pushed onto the tracks allegedly by a homeless stranger police described as a 44-year-old recidivist criminal. Bill Hutchinson, ABC News, 22 Mar. 2024 Of recidivist criminals in front of the parole board. Tom Zoellner, SPIN, 8 Feb. 2024 Various animals, some insects and a few recidivist restaurants lowlight this week’s Sick and Shut Down List of restaurants in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Palm Beach metropolitan area. David J. Neal, Miami Herald, 26 Jan. 2024 Anybody can understand that to stop bank robberies, authorities must — consistently and effectively — arrest and prosecute those who rob banks, deterring prospective offenders and locking up potential recidivists. Maureen Flatley, National Review, 25 Jan. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'recidivist.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

borrowed from French récidiviste, from récidiver "to reappear (of a disease, tumor, etc.), do over, commit a second criminal offense" (going back to Middle French, borrowed from Medieval Latin recidīvāre "to relapse into sin or crime") + -iste -ist entry 1 — more at recidivate

First Known Use

1867, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of recidivist was in 1867

Dictionary Entries Near recidivist

Cite this Entry

“Recidivist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/recidivist. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

Medical Definition

recidivist

noun
re·​cid·​i·​vist -vəst How to pronounce recidivist (audio)
: one who relapses into a previous behavior or condition
especially : a habitual criminal
recidivist adjective
recidivistic adjective

Legal Definition

recidivist

noun
re·​cid·​i·​vist ri-ˈsi-də-vist How to pronounce recidivist (audio)
: an habitual criminal
recidivist adjective
recidivistic adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on recidivist

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