quin·​tile | \ ˈkwin-ˌtī(-ə)l How to pronounce quintile (audio) \

Definition of quintile

: any of the four values that divide the items of a frequency distribution into five classes with each containing one fifth of the total population also : any one of the five classes

Breaking Down the Meaning of Quintile

Many people have a deep interest in statistics about themselves, whether the information provided is about income, ice-cream consumption, or trash production. And any such rating can be divided into fifths, or quintiles. The fifth or lowest quintile would include the 20 percent of the population who make the least money or eat the least ice cream or generate the least trash, and the first quintile would include the 20 percent who make, eat, or generate the most.

Examples of quintile in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Lazzara wrote that 19 of the cities in the index were in the top quintile of historical experience. San Diego Union-Tribune, 28 Dec. 2021 Effectively no household making less than $28,000 will pay federal income tax -- usually about 15% of the bottom income quintile has some tax liability. Tami Luhby, CNN, 19 Aug. 2021 The unique contribution of this study is to examine students from the bottom two quintiles of household income ($46,000 or less)—and then find out how many later make it into the third quintile or above. The Editorial Board, WSJ, 26 Nov. 2021 One study shows that for people near the top (the 75th percentile) of the lowest income quintile, depending on age, marginal tax rates range from 67.4 percent to 76.5 percent. Norbert Michel, Forbes, 3 Nov. 2021 Statistically, their only top-quintile performances have been of the season have been against OKC on opening night, against Houston, and against a Philly team without Ben Simmons or Joel Embiid. Andy Larsen, The Salt Lake Tribune, 24 Nov. 2021 Over the same period, the explosion of transfer payments caused the labor-force participation rate of the bottom quintile of earners to collapse. Phil Gramm And Pat Toomey, WSJ, 2 Mar. 2021 And three-quarters of those earning between $28,000 and $55,000 will be spared from income tax liability, compared with about half of the second quintile usually. Tami Luhby, CNN, 19 Aug. 2021 According to the Tax Foundation, families in the lowest quintile would see their tax bills reduced by 11.4 percent. Michael Tomasky, The New Republic, 12 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'quintile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of quintile

1922, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for quintile

Latin quintus + English -ile entry 2

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Time Traveler for quintile

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The first known use of quintile was in 1922

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Last Updated

9 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Quintile.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/quintile. Accessed 20 Jan. 2022.

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