\ ˈpräk-sē How to pronounce proxy (audio) \
plural proxies

Definition of proxy

1 : the agency, function, or office of a deputy who acts as a substitute for another
2a : authority or power to act for another
b : a document giving such authority specifically : a power of attorney authorizing a specified person to vote corporate stock
3 : a person authorized to act for another : procurator

Other Words from proxy

proxy adjective

Proxies and Proxy Servers

Proxy comes from a contracted form of the Middle English word procuracie (meaning “procuration”). A proxy may refer to a person who is authorized to act for another or it may designate the function or authority of serving in another’s stead. In the latter sense, it generally is preceded by the word by (“vote by proxy”).

Proxy has recently taken on meanings in computing, where it is found in such phrases as proxy server, a computer system that facilitates the exchange of data between users on a network.

Examples of proxy in a Sentence

Since I wouldn't be available to vote, I nominated him to act as my proxy. sent a proxy to the meeting to cast his vote for him
Recent Examples on the Web The business investment proxy is seen as an indicator of the economy’s future direction. Bryan Mena, WSJ, 27 July 2022 The comments in the advisory recommending against proxy filtering as mitigation suggest that there are multiple trigger pathways. Dan Goodin, Ars Technica, 22 July 2022 For example, the S&P US Aggregate Bond Index -- a proxy for investment-grade debt -- was down roughly 9%. Jeanne Sahadi, CNN, 20 July 2022 The first Cold War featured a series of proxy wars of the kinetic variety, whether in Vietnam, Cuba or Afghanistan. Matt Georgy, Forbes, 19 July 2022 Inflation threatens to hit double figures, the economy is sliding into recession, energy prices are rocketing, the opposition is ahead in the polls and Britain is committed to an open-ended proxy war in Ukraine. Dominic Green, WSJ, 17 July 2022 Maryland’s Republican primary race has become widely viewed as a hostile proxy campaign between Trump’s and Hogan’s competing visions for the direction of the party. Erin Cox, Washington Post, 16 July 2022 In the last decade, China has developed its own drones and marketed them to developing countries, while Iran has expanded its drone program to help fight its proxy wars in Syria and Yemen. Umar Farooq, ProPublica, 12 July 2022 NBC News conducted searches for numerous crisis pregnancy centers in different states using various internet service providers and proxy servers, which all yielded similar results. Kalhan Rosenblatt, NBC News, 8 July 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'proxy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of proxy

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for proxy

Middle English proxi, procucie, contraction of procuracie, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin procuratia, alteration of Latin procuratio procuration

Learn More About proxy

Time Traveler for proxy

Time Traveler

The first known use of proxy was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near proxy



proxy marriage

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Last Updated

31 Jul 2022

Cite this Entry

“Proxy.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 9 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for proxy


\ ˈpräk-sē How to pronounce proxy (audio) \
plural proxies

Kids Definition of proxy

1 : authority to act for another or a paper giving such authority
2 : a person with authority to act for another


\ ˈpräk-sē How to pronounce proxy (audio) \
plural proxies

Legal Definition of proxy

1 : the act or practice of a person serving as an authorized agent or substitute for another used especially in the phrase by proxy
2a : authority or power to act for another
b : a statement or document giving such authorization specifically : an oral consent or written document (as a power of attorney) given by a stockholder to a specified person or persons to vote corporate stock
3a : a person authorized to act or make decisions for another appointed a health-care proxy
b : something serving to replace or substitute for another thing

History and Etymology for proxy

Middle English procucie, contraction of procuracie, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin procuratia, alteration of Latin procuratio appointment of another as one's agent

More from Merriam-Webster on proxy

Nglish: Translation of proxy for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of proxy for Arabic Speakers


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