prostaglandin

noun
pros·​ta·​glan·​din | \ ˌprä-stə-ˈglan-dən How to pronounce prostaglandin (audio) \

Definition of prostaglandin

: any of various oxygenated unsaturated cyclic fatty acids of animals that are formed chiefly by the action of cyclooxygenase on arachidonic acid and perform a variety of hormonelike actions (as in controlling blood pressure or smooth muscle contraction)

Examples of prostaglandin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web What's new in eyelashes is a synthetic prostaglandin analog called bimatoprost. Virginia Heffernan, Wired, 5 Jan. 2022 The uterus produces prostaglandin during your period. Laken Brooks, Forbes, 28 Dec. 2021 Seven days after, the researchers injected prostaglandin to initiate a new run and get her into heat. Shi En Kim, Smithsonian Magazine, 16 Aug. 2021 In an article in The New York Times, Jen Gunter, MD, OB/GYN, said that taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen shortly before your period is about to start, can reduce diarrhea; the meds block prostaglandin production. Mirel Zaman, refinery29.com, 10 Mar. 2021 Specifically, NSAIDs blocks two enzymes, COX-1 and COX-2, that are necessary for prostaglandins to form. Sarah Jacoby, SELF, 24 Apr. 2020 This process involves washing it to remove unwanted substances like non-motile sperm, white blood cells and prostaglandins (hormone-like chemicals that can cause painful cramping when deposited into the uterus). Christina Caron, New York Times, 18 Apr. 2020 The concentration of prostaglandins in semen may be too low to affect the cervix, Dr. Schaffir said. Melinda Wenner Moyer, New York Times, 16 Apr. 2020 The pain comes from prostaglandins, chemical compounds produced during the ovulation cycle, which can cause cramps as the muscle of the uterus — the myometrium — squeezes down to get the blood out. Perri Klass, New York Times, 3 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prostaglandin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prostaglandin

1936, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for prostaglandin

prostate gland + -in entry 1; from its occurrence in the seminal fluid of animals

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Time Traveler for prostaglandin

Time Traveler

The first known use of prostaglandin was in 1936

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Dictionary Entries Near prostaglandin

prostacyclin

prostaglandin

prostal

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Statistics for prostaglandin

Last Updated

19 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Prostaglandin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prostaglandin. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for prostaglandin

prostaglandin

noun
pros·​ta·​glan·​din | \ ˌpräs-tə-ˈglan-dən How to pronounce prostaglandin (audio) \

Medical Definition of prostaglandin

: any of various oxygenated unsaturated cyclic fatty acids of animals that are formed as cyclooxygenase metabolites especially from unsaturated fatty acids (as arachidonic acid) composed of a chain of 20 carbon atoms and that perform a variety of hormonelike actions (as in controlling blood pressure or smooth muscle contraction)

More from Merriam-Webster on prostaglandin

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about prostaglandin

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