privity

noun

priv·​i·​ty ˈpri-və-tē How to pronounce privity (audio)
plural privities
1
a
: a relationship between persons who successively have a legal interest in the same right or property
b
: an interest in a transaction, contract, or legal action to which one is not a party arising out of a relationship to one of the parties
2
: private or joint knowledge of a private matter
especially : cognizance implying concurrence

Examples of privity in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In an opinion on Tuesday, Fairfax County Chief Judge Penney Azcarate rejects Heard’s motion because of the lack of privity. Eriq Gardner, Billboard, 17 Aug. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'privity.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English privite privacy, secret, from Anglo-French priveté, from Medieval Latin privitat-, privatas, from Latin privus private — more at private entry 1

First Known Use

1523, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of privity was in 1523

Dictionary Entries Near privity

Cite this Entry

“Privity.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/privity. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

Legal Definition

privity

noun
priv·​i·​ty ˈpri-və-tē How to pronounce privity (audio)
plural privities
1
: the direct connection or relationship between parties to a contract or transaction (as a purchase)
privity of contract
see also horizontal privity sense 2, vertical privity sense 2

Note: Formerly a suit for breach of warranty or negligence arising from a product could only be brought by a party to the original contract or transaction, and only against the party (as a retailer) directly dealt with. Only these parties had privity. Under modern laws and doctrines of strict liability and implied warranty, however, the right to sue has been extended to those, such as third-party beneficiaries and members of a purchaser's household, whose use of a product is foreseeable.

2
a
: a mutual or successive interest especially in the same rights of property (as by inheritance or purchase)
also : the condition of having such an interest see also horizontal privity sense 1, vertical privity sense 1
b
: an interest in a transaction, contract, or especially action that does not derive from direct participation but from a relationship to one of the parties or from having an interest identical to one in the original subject matter
also : the condition or relationship of having such an interest
a party in privity
see also predecessor in interest

Note: A claim may be barred by res judicata or collateral estoppel if the plaintiff's interests are identical, by relationship or subject matter, to those of a party to a previous action in which the plaintiff did not participate but which is deemed to have resulted in an adjudication of the plaintiff's rights.

3
: private or joint knowledge of a private matter
especially : awareness (as of wrongdoing) implying concurrence
Etymology

Old French privité privacy, secret, from Medieval Latin privitat-, privitas, from Latin privus private

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