preempt

play
verb pre·empt \prē-ˈem(p)t\

Definition of preempt

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to acquire (as land) by preemption

  3. 2 :  to seize upon to the exclusion of others :  take for oneself <the movement was then preempted by a lunatic fringe>

  4. 3 :  to replace with something considered to be of greater value or priority :  take precedence over <the program did not appear, having been preempted by a baseball game — Robert MacNeil>

  5. 4 :  to gain a commanding or preeminent place in

  6. 5 :  to prevent from happening or taking place :  forestall, preclude

  7. intransitive verb
  8. :  to make a preemptive bid in bridge

preemptor

play \-ˈem(p)-tər\ noun

Examples of preempt in a sentence

  1. The contract preempts lawsuits by the company's clients.

  2. The state law was preempted by a federal law.

  3. The President's speech preempted regular programming.

Origin and Etymology of preempt

back-formation from preemption


First Known Use: 1850


PREEMPT Defined for English Language Learners

preempt

play
verb pre·empt \prē-ˈem(p)t\

Definition of preempt for English Language Learners

  • : to prevent (something) from happening

  • : to take the place of (something)

  • : to be shown instead of (another television program)


Law Dictionary

preempt

play
transitive verb pre·empt \prē-ˈempt\

Legal Definition of preempt

  1. 1a :  to acquire (land) by preemption b :  to seize upon to the exclusion of others :  take for oneself <a senior user of a trademark could not preempt use of the mark in remote geographical markets — Mesa Springs Enterprises v. Cutco Indus., 736 P.2d 1251 (1986)>

  2. 2a :  to replace or supersede (a law) by preemption <such state laws are not preempted by the federal Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 — National Law Journal> b :  to preclude or bar (an action) by preemption <federal airline deregulation does not preempt claims under state contract law — National Law Journal>



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