prae·cip·u·um | \prēˈsipyəwəm\
plural praecipua\-yəwə \

Definition of praecipuum 

1 Roman law : a portion received from an inheritance before general distribution

2 Scots law : an additional share or bonus (as received by the eldest of several female heirs portioners)

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History and Etymology for praecipuum

Latin, from neuter of praecipuus taken beforehand, from praecipere to take beforehand

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to reject or criticize sharply

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