pitaya

noun
pi·​taya | \pə-ˈtī-ə \
variants: or pitahaya \ˌpi-​tə-​ˈhī-​ə \
plural pitayas or pitahayas

Definition of pitaya 

1 : any of several erect, sprawling, or vining cacti (as of the genera Selenicereus, Hylocereus, or Sternocereus) of Central and South America and Mexico that have large colorful fruits : dragon fruit sense 2 … he was enthusiastic about the prospects of the pitahaya, which is grown in Central America and in Asia, where it's known as dragon fruit.— John Seabrook

2 : the large, usually red, yellow, or white oval or oblong fruit of a pitaya that typically has leathery skin with prominent scaly spikes and a juicy flesh with many tiny black seeds : dragon fruit sense 1 Native to Central and South America, where it's called pitaya or pitahaya, the fruit traveled to Southeast Asia with the French more than a century ago.— A. R. Williams

First Known Use of pitaya

1847, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of pitaya was in 1847

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