pig·​ment | \ ˈpig-mənt How to pronounce pigment (audio) \

Definition of pigment

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a substance that imparts black or white or a color to other materials especially : a powdered substance that is mixed with a liquid in which it is relatively insoluble and used especially to impart color to coating materials (such as paints) or to inks, plastics, and rubber
2 : a coloring matter in animals and plants especially in a cell or tissue also : any of various related colorless substances


pig·​ment | \ ˈpig-ˌment How to pronounce pigment (audio) , -mənt \
pigmented; pigmenting; pigments

Definition of pigment (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to color with or as if with pigment

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Other Words from pigment


pigmentary \ ˈpig-​mən-​ˌter-​ē How to pronounce pigmentary (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for pigment

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Verb

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Examples of pigment in a Sentence

Noun Chlorophyll is a group of green pigments. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to skin and fur. Albinos lack normal skin pigment. Pigments are used to give color to paint, ink, and plastic. Red pigment is mixed into the ink.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The yellow pigment along her lower lash line adds a dash of brightness to pull the entire look together. Gabi Thorne, Allure, "A Case for Incorporating Your Baby Hairs Into Your Makeup," 5 Aug. 2020 Researchers at the Marine Biological Laboratory used CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing to eliminate a gene in embryos of the squid Doryteuthis pealeii, which removed the pigment from their eye and skin cells. N'dea Yancey-bragg, USA TODAY, "Scientists genetically alter squids for the first time in 'game-changing' breakthrough," 1 Aug. 2020 Over time, some areas of your skin may develop clumps of melanin or may overproduce that pigment, resulting in a sun spot, the Mayo Clinic explains. Sarah Jacoby, SELF, "Here’s Why You Get Sun Spots on Your Face—And How to Treat Them," 31 July 2020 Tape around the mortise and tenons, and fill the voids with a sanded grout mixture, adding pigment to match the bench color if desired [10]. David Agrell And Eric Weil, Popular Mechanics, "Stone Cold Beautiful: How To Build a Concrete Bench," 25 July 2020 Look for leave-on toning products like stylers, which tend to have less pigment than purple shampoos and conditioners. Tatiana Velasco, Good Housekeeping, "People Are Dousing Their Dry Hair With Purple Shampoo — But Is It Safe?," 24 July 2020 Downie explains that the energy from the light safely removes hair by targeting the pigment in each follicle. Audrey Noble, Harper's BAZAAR, "The Laser Hair Removal Guide for Dark Skin," 17 July 2020 Alum helps to fix the dye to the fabric and allow the pigment to hold. Sara Rodrigues, House Beautiful, "How to Make Natural Dyes for Summer Tie-Dying," 23 June 2020 The NYX Butter Gloss lives up to its name, with a buttery-soft application and pigment that pops. Kelsey Stiegman, Seventeen, "15 Best Lip Glosses That Will Make You Feel Like You're In a '90s Music Video," 12 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Last year, UOMA Beauty came out the gate with inclusive foundation shades, literal Badass lipsticks, highly pigmented eyeshadows for darker skin tones, game-changing concealers, and more. Asia Milia Ware, Teen Vogue, "Patrick Starrr and Jackie Aina Star in UOMA Beauty’s Carnival Collection," 27 Feb. 2020 This under eye treatment is actually pigmented to act as a light concealer for those who may want extra coverage or who want to go makeup-free. Popular Science, "Eye creams that target dark circles, fine lines, and dull skin," 3 Nov. 2019 Good Dye Young Poser Paste ($18) is a waxy styling pomade that's incredibly pigmented and has a pleasant citrus smell. Louryn Strampe, Wired, "How to Dye Your Hair at Home," 2 May 2020 It's highly pigmented and covers both spots and under eyes equally well. Glamour, "This $24 BareMinerals Concealer Replaced My Favorite $70 One," 20 Mar. 2019 On top of that, the lipstick is also surprisingly pigmented. Devon Abelman, Allure, "The Tarte Color Splash Lipstick Lets You Have Matte, But Moisturized, Lips All Winter Long," 1 Nov. 2019 Upon application to the cheeks, it was highly pigmented and a bit unnatural, but after a few moments, the color seemingly seeped into my skin, blending perfectly under a layer of powdered foundation. Teen Vogue, "Five Teen Vogue Editors Tried Milk Makeup’s New Glow Oil — Here’s What We Thought," 17 May 2019 Judging by the very first pictures of the collection, the lipsticks, which have been in the pipeline for two years, look brilliantly pigmented. Jacqueline Kilikita, refinery29.com, "Hermès Just Launched The Most Instagrammable Lipsticks Ever," 21 Jan. 2020 The heavily pigmented, glittery and metallic shades found within the palettes aptly named Galactic Gold, Dark Galaxy Palette and Mothership IV Decadance, McGrath exclusively revealed to Bristish Vogue. Erin Nicole Celletti, Teen Vogue, "Pat McGrath Announced a New “Star Wars” Makeup Collection to Celebrate "The Rise of Skywalker"," 3 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pigment.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of pigment


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1896, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for pigment


Middle English, spice, dye, from Latin pigmentum coloring substance, from pingere to paint — more at paint

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Learn More about pigment

Time Traveler for pigment

Time Traveler

The first known use of pigment was in the 14th century

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Statistics for pigment

Last Updated

8 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Pigment.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pigment. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for pigment


How to pronounce pigment (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of pigment

: a natural substance that gives color to animals and plants
: a substance that gives color to something else


pig·​ment | \ ˈpig-mənt How to pronounce pigment (audio) \

Kids Definition of pigment

1 : a substance that gives color to other materials Red pigment is mixed into the ink.
2 : natural coloring matter in animals and plants


pig·​ment | \ ˈpig-mənt How to pronounce pigment (audio) \

Medical Definition of pigment

: a coloring matter in animals and plants especially in a cell or tissue also : any of various related colorless substances

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