pigment

1 of 2

noun

pig·​ment ˈpig-mənt How to pronounce pigment (audio)
1
: a substance that imparts black or white or a color to other materials
especially : a powdered substance that is mixed with a liquid in which it is relatively insoluble and used especially to impart color to coating materials (such as paints) or to inks, plastics, and rubber
2
: a coloring matter in animals and plants especially in a cell or tissue
also : any of various related colorless substances
pigmentary adjective

pigment

2 of 2

verb

pig·​ment ˈpig-ˌment How to pronounce pigment (audio)
-mənt
pigmented; pigmenting; pigments

transitive verb

: to color with or as if with pigment

Example Sentences

Noun Chlorophyll is a group of green pigments. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to skin and fur. Albinos lack normal skin pigment. Pigments are used to give color to paint, ink, and plastic. Red pigment is mixed into the ink.
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Purple shampoo is specifically formulated to help correct pigment on blonde and gray hair tones, including silver, pastel, beige and platinum-colored hair. Rachel Dube, Peoplemag, 18 Nov. 2022 That explains her affinity for monotypes, which are often made by applying pigment to a matrix that is then printed to yield a single, painterly impression. Mark Jenkins, Washington Post, 18 Nov. 2022 Indeed, the top-floor space, featuring the show’s very latest paintings, actually smells faintly of fresh pigment—Ocean 9, a commanding black and white oil study, was still drying when it was hung. Gabé Hirschowitz, Vogue, 25 Oct. 2022 Entropion is an abnormality where the eyelid rolls inward, causing the hair on the surface of the eyelid to rub against the cornea resulting in pain, potential corneal ulcers, or pigment developing on the cornea which can interfere with vision. Tony Roberts, Baltimore Sun, 21 Oct. 2022 Orange eyeshadow on the inner corner of Dove's eyelid adds a pop of color to her look while glittering gold pigment in the middle of her lid gives a glam finish. Abby Dupes, Seventeen, 5 Oct. 2022 Somewhere between half a percent and 2% of people worldwide have vitiligo, which is now understood to be an autoimmune disorder, where the immune system attacks the cells in the skin that provide pigment. Karen Weintraub, USA TODAY, 20 Oct. 2022 This intensive serum harnesses the power of tranexamic acid, which is a great ingredient for inhibiting pigment, in tandem with glycolic acid to clear dull/dead skin cells. Sarah Han, Allure, 11 Oct. 2022 Using leftover pigment on the bristles, draw a line that extends from the bottom lash line toward the temple. Amber Kallor, WSJ, 1 Oct. 2022
Verb
Those extra pathways can pigment terms, weaponize musical notes, or even ruin a first date with a rather putrid-tasting name. Marion Renault, Popular Science, 27 Dec. 2020 Last year, UOMA Beauty came out the gate with inclusive foundation shades, literal Badass lipsticks, highly pigmented eyeshadows for darker skin tones, game-changing concealers, and more. Asia Milia Ware, Teen Vogue, 27 Feb. 2020 This under eye treatment is actually pigmented to act as a light concealer for those who may want extra coverage or who want to go makeup-free. Popular Science, 3 Nov. 2019 Good Dye Young Poser Paste ($18) is a waxy styling pomade that's incredibly pigmented and has a pleasant citrus smell. Louryn Strampe, Wired, 2 May 2020 It's highly pigmented and covers both spots and under eyes equally well. Glamour, 20 Mar. 2019 On top of that, the lipstick is also surprisingly pigmented. Devon Abelman, Allure, 1 Nov. 2019 Upon application to the cheeks, it was highly pigmented and a bit unnatural, but after a few moments, the color seemingly seeped into my skin, blending perfectly under a layer of powdered foundation. Teen Vogue, 17 May 2019 Judging by the very first pictures of the collection, the lipsticks, which have been in the pipeline for two years, look brilliantly pigmented. Jacqueline Kilikita, refinery29.com, 21 Jan. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pigment.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English, spice, dye, from Latin pigmentum coloring substance, from pingere to paint — more at paint

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1896, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of pigment was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near pigment

Cite this Entry

“Pigment.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pigment. Accessed 1 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

pigment

noun

pig·​ment
ˈpig-mənt
1
: a substance that gives color to other materials
especially : a powder mixed with a liquid to give color
2
: a natural coloring matter in animals and plants
pigmented
-mənt-əd
-ˌment-
adjective

Medical Definition

pigment

noun

pig·​ment ˈpig-mənt How to pronounce pigment (audio)
: a coloring matter in animals and plants especially in a cell or tissue
also : any of various related colorless substances

More from Merriam-Webster on pigment

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