phytoplasma

noun
phy·to·plas·ma | \ ˌfī-tə-ˈplaz-mə \

Definition of phytoplasma 

: any of a group of bacteria that are related to mycoplasmas, cause plant diseases (such as aster yellows or elm yellows) by infecting phloem tissue, and are transmitted especially by homopteran insect vectors

Note: Phytoplasmas are assigned temporary taxonomic names because they cannot yet be grown in artificial media as required in bacterial nomenclature for a fully valid name.

For almost half a century, plant pathologists thought phytoplasmas were viruses. To this day, the inability to grow these bacteria outside plants or insects hinders efforts to get a handle on their biology and genomes. —Evelyn Strauss

called also mycoplasma-like organism

First Known Use of phytoplasma

1994, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for phytoplasma

New Latin

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Last Updated

21 Aug 2018

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The first known use of phytoplasma was in 1994

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