philosophe

noun
phi·​lo·​sophe | \ ˌfē-lə-ˈzȯf How to pronounce philosophe (audio) \

Definition of philosophe

: one of the deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of the 18th century French Enlightenment

Examples of philosophe in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The philosophe wondered what was left to unbelievers in the way of ethical guidelines. Dan Hofstadter, WSJ, "‘Diderot’ Review: Wherever His Mind Led Him," 15 Feb. 2019 In 18th-century France there were the philosophes, among them D’Alembert, Diderot, Voltaire, Helvétius. Joseph Epstein, WSJ, "‘The Club’ Review: ‘An Assembly of Good Fellows’," 22 Mar. 2019 Some of the French philosophes explicitly attributed human happiness to earthly possessions, material pleasure and successful social striving. Jeffrey Collins, WSJ, "‘Power, Pleasure, and Profit’ Review: Self-Mastery Versus Self-Interest," 5 Oct. 2018 If d’Herbelot was both respectful and systematic in his treatment of the Islamic world, Enlightenment philosophes were less so. Jacob Soll, The New Republic, "How Islam Shaped the Enlightenment," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'philosophe.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of philosophe

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for philosophe

French, literally, philosopher

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The first known use of philosophe was before the 12th century

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Cite this Entry

“Philosophe.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/philosophe. Accessed 24 Sep. 2020.

More from Merriam-Webster on philosophe

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about philosophe

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