philosophe

noun
phi·​lo·​sophe | \ ˌfē-lə-ˈzȯf How to pronounce philosophe (audio) \

Definition of philosophe

: one of the deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of the 18th century French Enlightenment

Examples of philosophe in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

In 18th-century France there were the philosophes, among them D’Alembert, Diderot, Voltaire, Helvétius. Joseph Epstein, WSJ, "‘The Club’ Review: ‘An Assembly of Good Fellows’," 22 Mar. 2019 Some of the French philosophes explicitly attributed human happiness to earthly possessions, material pleasure and successful social striving. Jeffrey Collins, WSJ, "‘Power, Pleasure, and Profit’ Review: Self-Mastery Versus Self-Interest," 5 Oct. 2018 If d’Herbelot was both respectful and systematic in his treatment of the Islamic world, Enlightenment philosophes were less so. Jacob Soll, The New Republic, "How Islam Shaped the Enlightenment," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'philosophe.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of philosophe

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for philosophe

French, literally, philosopher

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Last Updated

4 Aug 2019

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The first known use of philosophe was before the 12th century

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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about philosophe

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