persecute

verb
per·​se·​cute | \ ˈpər-si-ˌkyüt How to pronounce persecute (audio) \
persecuted; persecuting

Definition of persecute

transitive verb

1 : to harass or punish in a manner designed to injure, grieve, or afflict specifically : to cause to suffer because of belief
2 : to annoy with persistent or urgent approaches (such as attacks, pleas, or importunities) : pester

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Other Words from persecute

persecutee \ ˌpər-​si-​ˌkyü-​ˈtē How to pronounce persecutee (audio) \ noun
persecutive \ ˈpər-​si-​ˌkyü-​tiv How to pronounce persecutive (audio) \ adjective
persecutor \ ˈpər-​si-​ˌkyü-​tər How to pronounce persecutor (audio) \ noun
persecutory \ ˈpər-​si-​kyü-​ˌtȯr-​ē How to pronounce persecutory (audio) , -​ˌkyü-​tə-​rē \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for persecute

wrong, oppress, persecute, aggrieve mean to injure unjustly or outrageously. wrong implies inflicting injury either unmerited or out of proportion to what one deserves. a penal system that had wronged him oppress suggests inhumane imposing of burdens one cannot endure or exacting more than one can perform. a people oppressed by a warmongering tyrant persecute implies a relentless and unremitting subjection to annoyance or suffering. a child persecuted by constant criticism aggrieve implies suffering caused by an infringement or denial of rights. a legal aid society representing aggrieved minority groups

Prosecute vs. Persecute

Take care to distinguish between prosecuted and persecuted, although we sincerely hope that neither word applies to you. Persecute typically has a small range of meanings, such as “to harass or punish in a manner designed to injure, grieve, or afflict.” Although the word is occasionally found in dialectal use to mean “prosecute,” many usage guides consider this to be an error. Prosecute is generally found today in a legal context (“to bring legal action against for redress or punishment of a crime or violation of law”), although the word may also be used to mean “to follow to the end” or “to engage in.” If someone is prosecuted they are being tried in a court of law; if they are persecuted they are being targeted and harassed.

Examples of persecute in a Sentence

The country's leaders relentlessly persecuted those who fought against the regime. They were persecuted for their beliefs.
Recent Examples on the Web In 2018, authorities across the country harassed, detained, and persecuted journalists, activists, lawyers, and families of victims for exposing China’s persistent faulty vaccine problems. Yaqiu Wang, Quartz, "Falling for China’s fake Covid-19 news was a dangerous and preventable mistake," 30 Apr. 2020 Given the circumstances, could justice really be properly served for the countless people persecuted using corrupted evidence? Kaitlin Reilly, refinery29.com, "This New Netflix Documentary About One Woman’s Drug Addiction Will Be A Wild Ride," 13 Mar. 2020 Both Joe Biden and Elizabeth Warren went after the former mayor, saying its efforts to go after community of colors proved to be a mistake that unfairly persecuted the city’s most vulnerable residents. John Fritze, USA TODAY, "Bloomberg put on defensive during combative two-hour Democratic debate," 20 Feb. 2020 Their aim was to officially support the civil rights of persecuted gay and lesbian people. Scott T. Vehstedt, The Conversation, "Gay rights dispute is pulling apart the United Methodist Church, after decades of argument," 27 Jan. 2020 Millions across the continent had been persecuted, displaced and killed because of their national, ethnic or religious backgrounds. Anil Menon, The Conversation, "Postwar forced resettlement of Germans echoes through the decades," 7 May 2020 Its people enjoy broad free-speech rights and are not persecuted for the practice of their respective religions. Isaac Schorr, National Review, "It’s Time to Rectify Taiwan’s Shameful Treatment on the International Stage," 14 Apr. 2020 He was imprisoned and persecuted for his religious and political views. Richard Gunderman, The Conversation, "Shipwrecked! How social isolation can enrich our spiritual lives – like Robinson Crusoe," 6 Apr. 2020 In recent years, many of the Milwaukee refugees have been Rohingya, a stateless people considered among the most persecuted in the world. Annysa Johnson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Once stuck in places like Myanmar and Laos, refugee children kick-start education at MPS' Newcomer Center," 2 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'persecute.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of persecute

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for persecute

Middle English, from Middle French persecuter, back-formation from persecuteur persecutor, from Late Latin persecutor, from persequi to persecute, from Latin, to pursue, from per- through + sequi to follow — more at sue

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Time Traveler for persecute

Time Traveler

The first known use of persecute was in the 15th century

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Statistics for persecute

Last Updated

1 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Persecute.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/persecute. Accessed 1 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for persecute

persecute

verb
How to pronounce persecute (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of persecute

: to treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs
: to constantly annoy or bother (someone)

persecute

verb
per·​se·​cute | \ ˈpər-si-ˌkyüt How to pronounce persecute (audio) \
persecuted; persecuting

Kids Definition of persecute

: to treat continually in a cruel and harmful way

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Comments on persecute

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