Definition of perioeci
1 : those who live on the same parallel of latitude but on opposite meridians so that it is noon in one place when it is midnight in the other — compare antoeci
2 usually capitalized : free citizens without political rights constituting the subject class of ancient Sparta who carried on the trade and industry of the country and served in the armed forces — compare helot 1, spartiate
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Origin and Etymology of perioeci
New Latin, from Greek perioikoi, literally, neighbors, from plural of perioikos neighboring, from peri- + oikos dwelling, house — more at vicinity
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