perioeci

plural noun
peri·​oe·​ci | \ˌperēˈēˌsī\

Definition of perioeci 

1 : those who live on the same parallel of latitude but on opposite meridians so that it is noon in one place when it is midnight in the other — compare antoeci

2 usually capitalized : free citizens without political rights constituting the subject class of ancient Sparta who carried on the trade and industry of the country and served in the armed forces — compare helot sense 1, spartiate

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Other Words from perioeci

perioecic \¦⸗⸗¦ēsik \ or perioecid \-​sə̇d \ adjective

History and Etymology for perioeci

New Latin, from Greek perioikoi, literally, neighbors, from plural of perioikos neighboring, from peri- + oikos dwelling, house

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