per stirpes

adverb or adjective
per stir·​pes | \pər-ˈstər-pēz, per-ˈstir-pās\

Definition of per stirpes 

: in equal shares to each member of a specified class with the share of a deceased member divided proportionately among his or her beneficiaries (such as children) the estate was divided per stirpes

First Known Use of per stirpes

1682, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for per stirpes

Latin, by familial stocks

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The first known use of per stirpes was in 1682

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per stirpes

adverb or adjective
per stir·​pes | \pər-ˈstər-pēz, per-ˈstir-pās \

Legal Definition of per stirpes 

: by right of representation the estate was divided per stirpes used of a method of distributing an especially intestate estate — compare per capita

Note: Per stirpes distribution provides for division of an estate equally among the members of the group of descendants having a particular degree of kinship (as children), with the issue (that is, the offspring) of a deceased member of that group representing the deceased member, taking the deceased member's share, and dividing it equally among themselves. For example, if a decedent had three children, one of whom had already died leaving issue, the estate would be divided into thirds, with each living child receiving a one-third share, and the issue of the deceased child dividing a one-third share equally amongst themselves.

History and Etymology for per stirpes

Latin, by familial stocks

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