per stirpes

adverb or adjective per stir·pes \ pər-ˈstər-pēz , per-ˈstir-pās \

Definition of per stirpes

:in equal shares to each member of a specified class with the share of a deceased member divided proportionately among his or her beneficiaries (such as children)
  • the estate was divided per stirpes

Origin and Etymology of per stirpes

Latin, by familial stocks


Law Dictionary

per stirpes

adverb or adjective per stir·pes \ pər-ˈstər-pēz, per-ˈstir-pās \

legal Definition of per stirpes

:by right of representation
  • the estate was divided per stirpes
used of a method of distributing an especially intestate estate — compare per capita
Note: Per stirpes distribution provides for division of an estate equally among the members of the group of descendants having a particular degree of kinship (as children), with the issue (that is, the offspring) of a deceased member of that group representing the deceased member, taking the deceased member's share, and dividing it equally among themselves. For example, if a decedent had three children, one of whom had already died leaving issue, the estate would be divided into thirds, with each living child receiving a one-third share, and the issue of the deceased child dividing a one-third share equally amongst themselves.

Origin and Etymology of per stirpes

Latin, by familial stocks


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