pelvic inflammatory disease


Definition of pelvic inflammatory disease

: inflammation of the female reproductive tract (such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries) that occurs especially as a result of a sexually transmitted disease and is a leading cause of infertility in women

Examples of pelvic inflammatory disease in a Sentence

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One in every six women infected with chlamydia develops pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy or infertility. Jack Guy, CNN, "A chlamydia vaccine has been successfully tested in an early trial," 13 Aug. 2019 Although there aren’t currently any guidelines for treating an M. genitalium infection specifically, the CDC treatment guidelines recommend standard antibiotics for people with urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Claire Gillespie, SELF, "The FDA Just Approved the First Test for Mycoplasma Genitalium, a Commonly Misdiagnosed STI," 1 Feb. 2019 This is key from a public health perspective because catching these infections in time can prevent serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease. Sophie Saint Thomas, SELF, "Here’s Why Doctors Don’t Usually Test for Herpes," 10 May 2019 When left untreated, gonorrhea can cause extremely serious long-term complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a condition that happens when bacteria infects your reproductive organs. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "How Worried Do You Really Need to Be About So-Called ‘Super Gonorrhea'?," 31 May 2018 In women, untreated gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which may result in scar tissue that blocks fallopian tubes and causes ectopic pregnancy, long-term pelvic or abdominal pain, or infertility. Julie H. Case, Woman's Day, "3 Sneaky Gonorrhea Symptoms in Women," 22 May 2017 The diseases are generally easy to cure with antibiotics but without treatment can cause serious health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, and may lead to infertility. Michelle Andrews, Washington Post, "The ‘Perfect Storm’: Redirecting Family Planning Funds Could Undercut STD Fight," 12 June 2018 If left untreated, gonorrhea can result in serious health problems, including pregnancy complications and pelvic inflammatory disease, a painful infection of a female's reproductive organs. Tegan Hanlon, Anchorage Daily News, "‘Kind of alarming’: Number of new gonorrhea cases in Alaska skyrockets in 2017," 29 May 2018 According to the Mayo Clinic, it can be caused by inflammation and scar tissue due to pregnancy, pelvic surgery (like a hysterectomy), ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, cancer treatment, and pelvic inflammatory disease, among others. Carolyn L. Todd, Glamour, "This Weird Little 'Doughnut' Wants to Put an End to Painful Sex," 15 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pelvic inflammatory disease.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of pelvic inflammatory disease

1921, in the meaning defined above

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pelvic fin

pelvic girdle

pelvic inflammatory disease

pelvic limb



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Last Updated

19 Aug 2019

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The first known use of pelvic inflammatory disease was in 1921

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pelvic inflammatory disease


Medical Definition of pelvic inflammatory disease

: infection of the female reproductive tract (as the fallopian tubes and ovaries) that results from microorganisms (as Neisseria gonorrhea or Chlamydia trachomatis) transmitted especially during sexual intercourse but also by other means (as during surgery, abortion, or childbirth), is marked especially by lower abdominal pain, an abnormal vaginal discharge, and fever, and is a leading cause of infertility in women abbreviation PID

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