peer review


Definition of peer review

: a process by which something proposed (as for research or publication) is evaluated by a group of experts in the appropriate field

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Other Words from peer review

peer-review \ ˈpir-​ri-​ˈvyü How to pronounce peer-review (audio) \ transitive verb

Examples of peer review in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The authors can also include in their grant budgets the fees that open-access journals charge for peer review and other costs, usually about $2000 to $3000 per paper. Jocelyn Kaiser, Science | AAAS, "In departure for NIH, Cancer Moonshot requires grantees to make papers immediately free," 14 Aug. 2019 Most ideological discrimination by professors is against other faculty, in peer review and institutional review boards as well as in hiring and promotion decisions. Musa Al-gharbi, National Review, "Ideological Discrimination in Academia Is More Complicated than You Think," 9 Sep. 2019 Students also develop their own entrepreneurial projects and present them for peer review in a Shark Tank-style competition. Corey Dockser,, "Sidewalk art, line dancing, and a new old-time market," 8 Aug. 2019 In the professional intellectual world, most great breakthroughs are the work of unfettered brilliance; peer review is a form of tyranny. K.n.c., The Economist, "The radical politics of futurists and fascists—and us, here, today," 19 July 2019 President Danny Jacobs says the peer review will be conducted by an outside agency to assess the quality and the supervision of the heart transplant program., "OHSU says burnout, staffing shortage led to heart transplant program closure," 28 June 2019 In September, the external peer review by Greeley Co. found that Heaps had acted inappropriately in touching the patient’s buttocks and asking about her genital piercings. Jaclyn Cosgrove,, "UCLA failed to warn the public about gynecologist accused of sexual battery," 15 June 2019 Another limit, calculated through similar methods by physicists Shouvik Roy Choudhury and Steen Hannestad, was also recently posted on and is now under peer review at the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. Clara Moskowitz, Scientific American, "Mysterious Neutrinos Get New Mass Estimate," 26 Aug. 2019 The discovery is not yet in an academic journal, but has been published in arXiv, which hosts preprints approved for posting after moderation without full peer review. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Looks Like We Have a New State of Matter," 16 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peer review.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of peer review

1969, in the meaning defined above

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Last Updated

4 Oct 2019

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Time Traveler for peer review

The first known use of peer review was in 1969

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More Definitions for peer review

peer review


English Language Learners Definition of peer review

: a process by which a scholarly work (such as a paper or a research proposal) is checked by a group of experts in the same field to make sure it meets the necessary standards before it is published or accepted

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