peer review


Definition of peer review

: a process by which something proposed (as for research or publication) is evaluated by a group of experts in the appropriate field

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Other Words from peer review

peer-review \ ˈpir-​ri-​ˈvyü How to pronounce peer review (audio) \ transitive verb

Examples of peer review in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Formal peer review and publication doesn't make something true. Adam Rogers, Wired, "The Strange and Twisted Tale of Hydroxychloroquine," 11 Nov. 2020 Ioannidis and his co-authors corrected and revised some calculations in the paper after it was made public, a not uncommon practice for studies posted online before peer review. Washington Post, "A top scientist questioned virus lockdowns on Fox News. The backlash was fierce.," 16 Dec. 2020 Publishers’ typical narratives would suggest that problems such as these would be caught by peer review, before a manuscript is accepted; rather than acknowledged only later, in the middle of a public backlash. Adam Marcus, Wired, "Science Journals Are Purging Racist, Sexist Work. Finally," 17 Sep. 2020 The Belarussian Energy Ministry said on Monday that the visit was announced in October and is part of a peer review of the nation’s plan of actions following stress tests. Milda Seputyte,, "EU to Conduct Safety Review at Belarus Nuclear Plant This Month," 14 Dec. 2020 The team presented their data Tuesday in the medical journal, The Lancet, the first late-stage trial information to be published under peer review, with careful independent analysis. Karen Weintraub And Adrianna Rodriguez, USA TODAY, "AstraZeneca reaffirms COVID-19 vaccine data after experts question results from manufacturing error; shown to be 70% effective," 8 Dec. 2020 Even the best scientists’ papers get lots of criticism and constructive comments in peer review. Lila Guterman, Science | AAAS, "In biology publishing shakeup, eLife will require submissions to be posted as preprints," 3 Dec. 2020 One modeling study, released before peer review, found that housing more prisoners alone in single cells could sharply reduce infections and hospitalizations. Washington Post, "Prisons and jails have become a ‘public health threat’ during the pandemic, advocates say," 11 Nov. 2020 Their paper had already passed peer review when Mr. Le Tirant’s nymphs grew up and unexpectedly provided unshakable proof. New York Times, "He Was a Stick, She Was a Leaf; Together They Made History," 1 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peer review.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of peer review

1969, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for peer review

Time Traveler

The first known use of peer review was in 1969

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Statistics for peer review

Last Updated

17 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Peer review.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for peer review

peer review


English Language Learners Definition of peer review

: a process by which a scholarly work (such as a paper or a research proposal) is checked by a group of experts in the same field to make sure it meets the necessary standards before it is published or accepted

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