peer review


Definition of peer review 

: a process by which something proposed (as for research or publication) is evaluated by a group of experts in the appropriate field

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Other Words from peer review

peer-review \ ˈpir-​ri-​ˈvyü \ transitive verb

Examples of peer review in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The analysis has not been published or peer reviewed yet, but will be, Kunkel said. Seth Borenstein, Fox News, "Florence is nation's second wettest storm, behind Harvey," 25 Sep. 2018 The second stage of peer review (Council level) is in process. Meredith Wadman, Science | AAAS, "Men disproportionately win NIH’s plum award for young scientists," 15 May 2018 According to the National Fire Protection Association, a peer review is conducted by an outside agency. Indianapolis Star, "State Police seek Indianapolis Fire Department's help to look at fatal Flora fire," 5 Jan. 2018 The report was completed last fall, and slated to move on to the National Academies of Science for external peer review. Julia Belluz, Vox, "Formaldehyde causes cancer. The EPA doesn’t want to acknowledge it.," 6 July 2018 But Noni Byrnes, acting director of NIH’s Center for Scientific Review, which manages peer reviews for most grants, noted that her center is funding another experiment to assess bias. Jocelyn Kaiser, Science | AAAS, "Applicant’s race or gender don’t appear to influence NIH peer reviewers," 31 May 2018 Experts debate how many journals falsely claim to engage in peer review. The Economist, "Some science journals that claim to peer review papers do not do so," 21 June 2018 Another hot topic in scientific publishing involves preprints: Articles freely posted online before peer review. Sarah Scoles, WIRED, "What Happens When Science Just Disappears?," 25 Apr. 2018 But the case for J. imperialis was solid enough to get through peer review, and this wouldn’t be the first time a primate species has been accepted on the basis of a single example. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "Extinct gibbon in ancient Chinese tomb hints at other lost primate species," 22 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peer review.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of peer review

1969, in the meaning defined above

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Last Updated

15 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for peer review

The first known use of peer review was in 1969

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More Definitions for peer review

peer review


English Language Learners Definition of peer review

: a process by which a scholarly work (such as a paper or a research proposal) is checked by a group of experts in the same field to make sure it meets the necessary standards before it is published or accepted

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