peer review


Definition of peer review

: a process by which something proposed (as for research or publication) is evaluated by a group of experts in the appropriate field

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Other Words from peer review

peer-review \ ˈpir-​ri-​ˈvyü How to pronounce peer-review (audio) \ transitive verb

Examples of peer review in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Investigations show that peer review is often perfunctory rather than thorough; often exploited by chums to help each other; and frequently used by gatekeepers to exclude and extinguish legitimate minority scientific opinions in a field. Matt Ridley, WSJ, "What the Pandemic Has Taught Us About Science," 9 Oct. 2020 After 18 months of public comment and peer review, however, the agency reversed course. Catrin Einhorn, New York Times, "Wolverines Don’t Require Protection, U.S. Officials Rule," 8 Oct. 2020 The research paper has been posted online but has not yet undergone peer review. Malcolm Ritter, Star Tribune, "Gene sleuths suggests wide virus spread from Boston meeting," 25 Aug. 2020 Infectious virus was successfully cultured from air samples collected up to 16 feet away from a patient with COVID-19 at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital, but the work has not yet undergone peer review. National Geographic, "What 'airborne coronavirus' means, and how to protect yourself," 11 Aug. 2020 The paper, which has not yet undergone peer review, also found that reducing the payment to $400 would lower spending by 12%, while cutting it to $200 would shrink spending by 28%. Jay Heflin, Washington Examiner, "Local spending to drop as much as 44% if unemployment boost expires: Study," 10 Aug. 2020 The bigger lesson here—the one that’s been taught repeatedly for decades—is that peer review won’t save us by itself. Adam Marcus, Wired, "Just How Historic Is the Latest Covid-19 Science Meltdown?," 9 June 2020 Bystanders often talk about peer review like it’s a way to ensure a paper is factually correct, but that’s not always the outcome, and it’s not even the goal. Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, "13 Scientists Say—in a Real Journal!—There's a Black Hole at the Center of Earth," 28 Sep. 2020 There’s no evidence that domestic cats are playing a role in spreading the pandemic virus, researchers at the University of Glasgow said Wednesday in a study released ahead of peer review and publication. Jason Gale,, "Two Cats Got Covid From Owners, Spurring Call For Vigilance," 24 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peer review.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of peer review

1969, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for peer review

Time Traveler

The first known use of peer review was in 1969

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Statistics for peer review

Last Updated

19 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Peer review.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 31 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for peer review

peer review


English Language Learners Definition of peer review

: a process by which a scholarly work (such as a paper or a research proposal) is checked by a group of experts in the same field to make sure it meets the necessary standards before it is published or accepted

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