Definition of patina
patinasplay \-nəz\ or
patinaeplay \-ˌnē, -ˌnī\
1a : a usually green film formed naturally on copper and bronze by long exposure or artificially (as by acids) and often valued aesthetically for its colorb : a surface appearance of something grown beautiful especially with age or use <the beautiful patina of this antique table>
2 : an appearance or aura that is derived from association, habit, or established character <the criminal has acquired a patina of respectability by his friendship with well-known businessmen>
3 : a superficial covering or exterior <The toast was spread with a patina of butter.>
Examples of patina in a sentence
<although the winery is brand-new, it has been constructed and decorated to give it a patina of old-world quaintness>
Did You Know?
Italians began using "patina" in the 17th century to refer to the green film that is produced on the surface of copper. They borrowed the word from Latin, where it means "a shallow dish." (Presumably, the Italian meaning developed from the observation of such film forming on copper dishes.) By the mid-18th century, English speakers were also calling the green film "patina." And by the early 20th century, "patina" was being used in English for the gloss of polished metals, like silver, as well as wooden furniture - a meaning that led to its literary use for a surrounding aura, as demonstrated in this quote from Stella Gibbons' Cold Comfort Farm (1932): "The very atmosphere seemed covered with a rich patina of love."
Origin and Etymology of patina
Italian, from Latin, shallow dish — more at paten
First Known Use: 1748
PATINA Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of patina for English Language Learners
: a thin usually green layer that forms naturally on the metals copper and bronze when they are exposed to the air for a long time
: a shiny or dark surface that forms naturally on something (such as wood or leather) that is used for a long time
: a thin layer
Seen and Heard
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