pathet

noun
pa·​thet | \ˈpä-ˌtet \
variants: or less commonly patet
plural pathet also patet

Definition of pathet 

: any of six modes in Javanese gamelan music characterized by specific cadential patterns, emphasized notes, and melodic formulas in the pelog and slendro tunings A large variety of pathet are used in Javanese and Balinese gamelan, each of them based on pitch material extracted from either the pelog scale or the slendro scale.— Jan Laurens Hartong, Musical Terms Worldwide, 2006

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First Known Use of pathet

1940, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of pathet was in 1940

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