pan·​o·​ply | \ ˈpa-nə-plē How to pronounce panoply (audio) \
plural panoplies

Definition of panoply

1a : a full suit of armor Knights in panoply were ready for battle.
b : ceremonial attire The nobles were in panoply for the coronation.
2 : something forming a protective covering faces dim in a panoply of smoke— William Baucke
3a : a magnificent or impressive array the full panoply of a military funeral woods … in their full panoply of autumn foliage— S. P. B. Mais
b : a display of all appropriate appurtenances no need for the panoply of power windows … beyond which the usual panoply of modern mechanical conveniences can brazenly flourish— Lewis Mumford

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Did You Know?

Panoply comes from the Greek word panoplia, which referred to the full suit of armor worn by "hoplites," heavily armed infantry soldiers of ancient Greece. "Panoplia" is a blend of the prefix pan-, meaning "all," and hopla, meaning "arms" or "armor." (As you may have guessed already, "hopla" is also an ancestor of "hoplite.") "Panoply" entered the English language in the 17th century, and since then it has developed other senses which extend both the "armor" and the "full set" aspects of its original use.

Examples of panoply in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

As a protein fallback, there were always warm nuts in the bar, part of a daylong panoply of food and drink. Los Angeles Times, "On Canada’s Via Rail, a return to the older — and let’s be honest, better — way of traveling," 17 Aug. 2019 And a panoply of sultry curries and stewed vegetables stand at the ready for sipping and dipping. Dominic Armato, azcentral, "These are the best restaurants in Tempe," 6 Aug. 2019 There, Clayton Kershaw, heir to Koufax in the panoply of great Dodgers power pitchers, threw his arms around his own heir. Tom Verducci,, "Walker Buehler Has the Arm, Arsenal and Attitude to Be a Star," 13 Aug. 2019 And thank heavens Kraus has no fear, because six years later, Crepe Bar still thrives, its namesake serving as a foundation to pitch a technicolor panoply of Kraus’ wild concoctions. Dominic Armato, azcentral, "These are the best restaurants in Tempe," 6 Aug. 2019 Prizing wit, Britons are dismissing an unusually broad panoply of shortcomings in their likely next leader. Kyle Smith, National Review, "Who Is Boris Johnson?," 19 July 2019 However, show officials have kept a low profile on those, so the focus doesn't shift from the panoply of new TVs, smart cars, and Internet of Things devices. Chris Morris, Fortune, "Sex Toys Are Getting Their Own Showcase at CES 2020," 16 July 2019 Producers in the nation's oil-rich shale basins are dialing back growth plans in the face of a growing panoply of problems that's killing returns and keeping skeptical investors at bay. Bloomberg Wire, Dallas News, "Is the red-hot Permian Basin beginning to flame out?," 12 July 2019 Tariffs on aluminum and steel as well as a panoply of Chinese products are making businesses rework supply chains and raise prices. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "The Growth Dividend for Workers," 2 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'panoply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of panoply

circa 1637, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for panoply

Greek panoplia, from pan- + hopla arms, armor, plural of hoplon tool, weapon — more at hoplite

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Statistics for panoply

Last Updated

1 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for panoply

The first known use of panoply was circa 1637

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English Language Learners Definition of panoply

formal : a group or collection that is impressive because it is so big or because it includes so many different kinds of people or things

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Nglish: Translation of panoply for Spanish Speakers

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What made you want to look up panoply? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


formidable, illustrious, or eminent

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