or·​pi·​ment ˈȯr-pə-mənt How to pronounce orpiment (audio)
: a rare orange to lemon-yellow mineral consisting of a native trisulfide of arsenic

Examples of orpiment in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Medieval painters used a variety of pigments, some of which were quite toxic (cinnabar, orpiment, and lead white in particular). Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 3 Dec. 2021 Among the artifacts found in the cave was orpiment, a pigment from eastern Turkey used for decorative purposes, and 63 beads, some of which came from as far away as Baghdad. Livia Gershon, Smithsonian Magazine, 29 Apr. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'orpiment.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin auripigmentum, from aurum + pigmentum pigment

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of orpiment was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near orpiment

Cite this Entry

“Orpiment.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/orpiment. Accessed 28 Feb. 2024.

More from Merriam-Webster on orpiment

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!