orchis

noun or·chis \ ˈȯr-kəs \
|Updated on: 12 Jun 2018

Definition of orchis

: orchid; especially : any of a genus (Orchis) of orchids with fleshy roots and a spurred lip

Origin and Etymology of orchis

borrowed from Latin (New Latin as a genus name), borrowed from Greek órchis "testicle, orchid" (the latter sense from the testicle-like shape of the paired tubers of some species), going back to Indo-European *h3erǵh-i-, whence also, with differing suffixation and ablaut, Armenian orjik‛ "testicles," Albanian herdhe, Middle Irish uirge, Avestan ərəzi, Hittite arki- "testicle," ark- "mount, copulate (with)" and, as a suffixed noun derivative, Lithuanian er̃žilas (dialectal ar̃žilas) "stallion" testicle


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