1

fume

noun \ ˈfyüm \
Updated on: 9 Nov 2017

Definition of fume

1 a :a smoke, vapor, or gas especially when irritating or offensive
  • engine exhaust fumes
b :an often noxious suspension of particles in a gas (such as air)
2 :something (such as an emotion) that impairs one's reasoning
  • sometimes his head gets a little hot with the fumes of patriotism
  • —Matthew Arnold
3 :a state of excited irritation or anger usually used in the phrase in a fume

fumy

play \ˈfyü-mē\ adjective
on fumes
:with little of the original strength or energy remaining
  • tired ballplayers running on fumes

Recent Examples of fume from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fume.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of fume

Middle English, from Anglo-French fum, from Latin fumus; akin to Old High German toumen to be fragrant, Sanskrit dhūma smoke, Old Church Slavonic dymŭ

Other Chemical Engineering Terms


2

fume

verb

Definition of fume

fumed; fuming
transitive verb
1 :to expose to or treat with fumes
2 :to give off in fumes
  • fuming thick black smoke
3 :to utter while in a state of excited irritation or anger
intransitive verb
1 a :to emit fumes
b :to be in a state of excited irritation or anger
  • fretted and fumed over the delay
2 :to rise in or as if in fumes

Examples of fume in a Sentence

  1. She's still fuming about not being invited to the party.

  2. We sat there waiting for him, fuming with anger at the delay.

  3. “They made these changes without even asking our opinion,” one employee fumed.

  4. The volcano was fuming thick black smoke.

Recent Examples of fume from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fume.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of fume

14th century


FUME Defined for English Language Learners

fume

noun

Definition of fume for English Language Learners

  • : smoke or gas that smells unpleasant


fume

verb

Definition of fume for English Language Learners

  • : to show or feel anger

  • : to say (something) in an angry way

  • : to produce or give off (smoke, fumes, etc.)


FUME Defined for Kids

1

fume

noun \ ˈfyüm \

Definition of fume for Students

:a disagreeable smoke, vapor, or gas usually used in pl.
  • noxious fumes

2

fume

verb

Definition of fume for Students

fumed; fuming
1 :to give off a disagreeable smoke, vapor, or gas
2 :to be angry
3 :to say something in an angry way “Don't ever ask me again,” I fumed.


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to praise usually to excess

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