olivine

noun
ol·​iv·​ine | \ ˈä-lə-ˌvēn How to pronounce olivine (audio) \

Definition of olivine

: a usually greenish mineral that is a complex silicate of magnesium and iron used especially in refractories — compare peridot

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from olivine

olivinic \ ˌä-​lə-​ˈvi-​nik How to pronounce olivinic (audio) \ or olivinitic \ ˌä-​lə-​və-​ˈni-​tik How to pronounce olivinitic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of olivine in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Some of the rocks contain small, colored materials called inclusions that could contain minerals like olivine. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "What scientists learned after firing a small cannonball into a near-Earth asteroid," 19 Mar. 2020 Some of the rocks contain small, colored materials called inclusions that could contain minerals like olivine. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "What scientists learned after firing a small cannonball into a near-Earth asteroid," 19 Mar. 2020 Some of the rocks contain small, colored materials called inclusions that could contain minerals like olivine. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "What scientists learned after firing a small cannonball into a near-Earth asteroid," 19 Mar. 2020 Some of the rocks contain small, colored materials called inclusions that could contain minerals like olivine. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "What scientists learned after firing a small cannonball into a near-Earth asteroid," 19 Mar. 2020 Filiberto’s team recreated the highly volatile atmospheric conditions found on Venus’s surface in a laboratory to test how quickly the atmosphere degrades minerals, such as olivine, found in lava. Jennifer Leman, Popular Mechanics, "Looks Like Venus Was Volcanically Active All Along," 3 Jan. 2020 When water meets the ubiquitous mineral olivine under intense pressure, the rock transforms into another mineral, serpentine, while producing abiotic methane. National Geographic, "Earth's rocks can absorb a shocking amount of carbon: here’s how," 24 Oct. 2019 During their magmatic journey, Borgarhraun’s viridescent olivine crystals also developed layers of rings around their central cores. Robin George Andrews, National Geographic, "Magma speed record set by Icelandic volcano," 23 July 2019 Down there, salt water begins to mix and move through igneous rocks like olivine. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Pangea Gave Us Modern Oceans," 10 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'olivine.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of olivine

1794, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for olivine

German Olivin, from Latin oliva

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about olivine

Time Traveler for olivine

Time Traveler

The first known use of olivine was in 1794

See more words from the same year

Statistics for olivine

Cite this Entry

“Olivine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/olivine. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

More from Merriam-Webster on olivine

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about olivine

Comments on olivine

What made you want to look up olivine? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Original Meanings Quiz

  • rembrandt painting a young scholar and his tutor
  • Which of the following is the earliest known sense of the word awe?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!