oligosaccharide

noun
ol·​i·​go·​sac·​cha·​ride | \ ˈä-li-gō-ˈsa-kə-ˌrīd How to pronounce oligosaccharide (audio) , ˈō-; ə-ˈli-gə- \

Definition of oligosaccharide

: a saccharide that contains usually three to ten monosaccharide units

Examples of oligosaccharide in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The same oligosaccharides on red blood cells also appear on the surface of cells that line the small intestine. Patricia L. Foster, The Conversation, "Your blood type may influence your vulnerability to norovirus, the winter vomiting virus," 10 Jan. 2020 Norovirus and a few other viruses use these oligosaccharides to grab onto and infect the intestinal cells. Patricia L. Foster, The Conversation, "Your blood type may influence your vulnerability to norovirus, the winter vomiting virus," 10 Jan. 2020 In short, this concept tries to explain why oligosaccharides – which are indigestible to babies – are the third-most prominent component in milk, are complex in structure and are variable between species. Enea Rezzonico, Scientific American, "Nestlé's research on nutrition and the human gut microbiome," 17 Feb. 2015 As studies uncovered the importance of human milk oligosaccharides, so began attempts to mimic them in infant formula. Alice Callahan, Smithsonian, "In Pursuit of a Better Baby Formula," 25 Oct. 2019 These include lactose, fructose, sugar alcohols and specific types of fiber — the oligosaccharides — found in many wheat, rye barley, beans, nuts and many vegetables. Carrie Dennett, Washington Post, "Beyond bread and beans: Getting enough fiber when you have a food intolerance," 4 Nov. 2019 Bovine milk, which most formula is based on, however, contains a negligible oligosaccharide component. Steven Townsend, Philly.com, "How mother's milk shapes baby's microbiome - and overall health," 9 May 2018 By contrast, certain strains of gut bacteria delight in oligosaccharides, multiplying in the guts of nursing infants. Carl Zimmer, STAT, "Shot through with microbes: How our bodies adapt to a hidden world of bacteria," 30 May 2018 One third of human milk is composed of sugars called oligosaccharides, but babies cannot digest them; the sugars are food for microbes, which furnish infants with essential nutrients that grow their brains and proteins that seal their guts. Jason Pontin, WIRED, "The 19th-Century Crank Who Tried to Tell Us About the Microbiome," 15 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oligosaccharide.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of oligosaccharide

1930, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for oligosaccharide

International Scientific Vocabulary

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The first known use of oligosaccharide was in 1930

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Cite this Entry

“Oligosaccharide.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oligosaccharide. Accessed 1 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for oligosaccharide

oligosaccharide

noun
oli·​go·​sac·​cha·​ride | \ ˌäl-i-gō-ˈsak-ə-ˌrīd, ˌō-li- How to pronounce oligosaccharide (audio) \

Medical Definition of oligosaccharide

: a saccharide that contains usually three to ten monosaccharide units

More from Merriam-Webster on oligosaccharide

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about oligosaccharide

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