oligosaccharide

noun
ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride | \ˈä-li-gō-ˈsa-kə-ˌrīd, ˈō-;ə-ˈli-gə-\

Definition of oligosaccharide 

: a saccharide that contains usually three to ten monosaccharide units

Examples of oligosaccharide in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Bovine milk, which most formula is based on, however, contains a negligible oligosaccharide component. Steven Townsend, Philly.com, "How mother's milk shapes baby's microbiome - and overall health," 9 May 2018 By contrast, certain strains of gut bacteria delight in oligosaccharides, multiplying in the guts of nursing infants. Carl Zimmer, STAT, "Shot through with microbes: How our bodies adapt to a hidden world of bacteria," 30 May 2018 One third of human milk is composed of sugars called oligosaccharides, but babies cannot digest them; the sugars are food for microbes, which furnish infants with essential nutrients that grow their brains and proteins that seal their guts. Jason Pontin, WIRED, "The 19th-Century Crank Who Tried to Tell Us About the Microbiome," 15 June 2018 Researchers have also discovered that the oligosaccharides in human milk are different from those in the milk of other mammals. Carl Zimmer, STAT, "Shot through with microbes: How our bodies adapt to a hidden world of bacteria," 30 May 2018 Additionally, bovine milk oligosaccharides lack the structural complexity and diversity of HMOs. Steven Townsend, Philly.com, "How mother's milk shapes baby's microbiome - and overall health," 9 May 2018 And then there are the complex sugars called human milk oligosaccharides or HMOs that have long been neglected by the scientific community. Steven Townsend, Philly.com, "How mother's milk shapes baby's microbiome - and overall health," 9 May 2018 What's in it: Erythritol, oligosaccharides (non-digestible carbohydrates extracted from fruit and vegetable sources), and natural flavors. Molly Kimball, NOLA.com, "Guide to plant-based sweeteners, such as Stevia, Truvia," 8 May 2018 Now Foods that commonly cause gas contain compounds called fructans—found in wheat, onion, artichokes and rye, to name a few—and also the galacto-oligosaccharides found in legumes, nuts and seeds, Muir says. Markham Heid, Time, "You Asked: Is It Bad To Eat Foods That Give You Gas?," 18 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oligosaccharide.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of oligosaccharide

1930, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of oligosaccharide was in 1930

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More Definitions for oligosaccharide

oligosaccharide

noun
oli·go·sac·cha·ride | \ˌäl-i-gō-ˈsak-ə-ˌrīd, ˌō-li- \

Medical Definition of oligosaccharide 

: a saccharide that contains usually three to ten monosaccharide units

More from Merriam-Webster on oligosaccharide

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about oligosaccharide

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