ob·​vi·​ate | \ ˈäb-vē-ˌāt How to pronounce obviate (audio) \
obviated; obviating

Definition of obviate

transitive verb

: to anticipate and prevent (something, such as a situation) or make (an action) unnecessary The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery.

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Other Words from obviate

obviation \ ˌäb-​vē-​ˈā-​shən How to pronounce obviation (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?

Obviate derives from Late Latin obviare (meaning "to meet or withstand") and Latin obviam, which means "in the way" and is also an ancestor of our adjective "obvious." "Obviate" has a number of synonyms in English, including "prevent," "preclude," and "avert"; all of these words can mean to hinder or stop something. When you prevent or preclude something, you put up an insurmountable obstacle. In addition, "preclude" often implies that a degree of chance was involved in stopping an event. "Obviate" generally suggests the use of intelligence or forethought to ward off trouble. "Avert" always implies that a bad situation has been anticipated and prevented or deflected by the application of immediate and effective means.

Examples of obviate in a Sentence

The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery. The new treatment obviates many of the risks associated with surgery.

Recent Examples on the Web

In other places, the terrain would obviate the need for a wall; in some places, aircraft and land patrols would suffice. Philip Bump, Washington Post, "How Trump's wall has evolved (despite his denials that it has)," 18 Jan. 2018 That would obviate the need for border checks on products moving between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which will remain in the EU. Laurence Norman, WSJ, "May Seeks Backing for Draft Brexit Deal From Doubtful Allies," 13 Nov. 2018 This would obviate the need for patents and make a huge amount of unpatentable research available for commercialization. Paul J. Marangos, WSJ, "The Terminally Ill Need More Than the ‘Right to Try’," 13 Aug. 2018 In a letter to three congressional committee chairmen, Mr. Sessions said an existing Justice Department inquiry into issues raised earlier by the lawmakers included an examination of the surveillance matter, obviating the need for a special counsel. Katie Benner, New York Times, "Sessions Rejects Republican Calls for Second Special Counsel," 29 Mar. 2018 Also, this bill should provide 10 years of marketing exclusivity for terminal-disease drugs which would obviate the need for patents and open a huge trove of currently unpatentable science for development. WSJ, "The ‘Right to Try’ Bill Wasn’t Worth Passing," 4 June 2018 His skills as a draftsman, especially in watercolor, obviated any assist from a mechanical device. Richard B. Woodward, WSJ, "‘Winslow Homer and the Camera: Photography and the Art of Painting’ Review: An Unclear Creative Influence," 4 July 2018 Nor does the national political situation obviate the needs of people in local communities all across the country. Alexis C. Madrigal, The Atlantic, "Civic Tech in a Time of Technopessimism," 25 June 2018 But that doesn’t obviate one blinding fact, which the Israeli military has warned about, over and over: Deteriorating economic conditions in Gaza raise the risk of uncontrollable flareups – especially when hope dies. Trudy Rubin, Philly.com, "Truth about Gaza: 3 myths keeping U.S., Jerusalem from owning up to their roles in the crisis | Trudy Rubin," 18 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'obviate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of obviate

1567, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for obviate

Late Latin obviatus, past participle of obviare to meet, withstand, from Latin obviam

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Time Traveler for obviate

The first known use of obviate was in 1567

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English Language Learners Definition of obviate

formal : to make (something) no longer necessary : to prevent or avoid (something)

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Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for obviate

Spanish Central: Translation of obviate

Nglish: Translation of obviate for Spanish Speakers

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