number theory

noun

Definition of number theory

: the study of the properties of integers

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Other Words from number theory

number theoretic adjective
number theorist noun

Examples of number theory in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Roth’s approach has inspired many developments in analytic number theory over the past half-century, said Jacob Fox of Stanford University. Quanta Magazine, "Landmark Math Proof Clears Hurdle in Top Erdős Conjecture," 3 Aug. 2020 These proofs enticed other mathematicians to consider similar methods for number theory conjectures previously considered too profound for such seemingly simple methods. Quanta Magazine, "Mathematicians Will Never Stop Proving the Prime Number Theorem," 22 July 2020 Patience is required in number theory, where the questions are often easy to state but difficult to solve. Quanta Magazine, "Mathematicians Open a New Front on an Ancient Number Problem," 10 Sep. 2020 Granville, who is writing a book on analytic number theory, complained that Maynard has greatly slowed his progress. Quanta Magazine, "A Number Theorist Who Solves the Hardest Easy Problems," 1 July 2020 Today, representation theory is a central tool in many mathematical fields: algebra, topology, geometry, mathematical physics and number theory — including the sweeping Langlands program. Quanta Magazine, "The ‘Useless’ Perspective That Transformed Mathematics," 9 June 2020 For example, two of the biggest open problems in the field of number theory are the twin primes conjecture and the Goldbach conjecture. Quanta Magazine, "In Mathematics, It Often Takes a Good Map to Find Answers," 1 June 2020 Has one of the major outstanding problems in number theory finally been solved? Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, "This Guy Says He Solved the Most Controversial Open Problem in Math," 6 Apr. 2020 John Conway’s boundless curiosity produced profound contributions to number theory, game theory, coding theory, group theory, knot theory, topology, probability theory, algebra, analysis, combinatorics, and more. Siobhan Roberts, BostonGlobe.com, "John Horton Conway, a ‘magical genius’ in math, dies at 82," 19 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'number theory.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of number theory

1864, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for number theory

Time Traveler

The first known use of number theory was in 1864

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Statistics for number theory

Last Updated

9 Nov 2020

Cite this Entry

“Number theory.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/number%20theory. Accessed 27 Nov. 2020.

More from Merriam-Webster on number theory

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about number theory

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