nominative absolute

noun
variants: less commonly

nominative independent

Definition of nominative absolute

  1. :  a construction in English consisting of a noun in the common case or a pronoun in the nominative case joined with a predicate that does not include a finite verb and functioning usually as a sentence modifier but also sometimes capable of being construed as the modifier of a particular word in the sentence (as her head erect in “she walked along, her head erect” or he being absent in “he being absent, no business was transacted”)

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