1 of 2


ni·​tride ˈnī-ˌtrīd How to pronounce nitride (audio)
: a binary compound of nitrogen with a more electropositive element


2 of 2


nitrided; nitriding

transitive verb

: to case-harden (a material, such as steel) by causing the surface to absorb nitrogen

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web
Boron nitride’s insulative property has come in handy for research on other 2D materials. John Wenz, Discover Magazine, 29 Nov. 2019 The device is made up of a solar absorber on top of a radiative cooler, which is composed of layers of nitride, silicon and aluminum. Chelsea Gohd, Discover Magazine, 9 Nov. 2018 Hyper, a sub-brand of Targus that has been making hubs, docks, and charging gear for more than seven years, sometimes through crowdfunding, is using gallium nitride (GaN) technology to achieve improved heat, power, and size characteristics. Kevin Purdy, Ars Technica, 6 Sep. 2022 Apple's original 140 W charger was also built on gallium nitride, has one port, measures 3.78×2.95×1.1 inches (96×75×28 millimeters), and weighs 8.01 ounces (277 grams). Kevin Purdy, Ars Technica, 6 Sep. 2022 The hexagonal boron nitride scatters sunlight to reflect up to 97.9 percent of the sun’s rays, and it gets applied at a thickness of just 150 microns. Sarah Kuta, Smithsonian Magazine, 5 Oct. 2022 The release of the latest GaN 3 standard for gallium nitride chargers has boosted the market. Mark Sparrow, Forbes, 24 July 2022 Thankfully, a gallium nitride (GaN) charger provides a significant amount of power to numerous devices simultaneously—and without taking up a lot of space. Scharon Harding, Ars Technica, 27 June 2022 Oppo promises that the charge adapter will use gallium-nitride technology to be only slightly larger than existing 65-watt adapters, at about 2.3 inches long and 2.2 inches deep. Sascha Segan, PCMAG, 28 Feb. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'nitride.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History



International Scientific Vocabulary

First Known Use


1850, in the meaning defined above


1928, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of nitride was in 1850

Dictionary Entries Near nitride

Cite this Entry

“Nitride.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition


ni·​tride ˈnī-ˌtrīd How to pronounce nitride (audio)
: a binary compound of nitrogen with a more electropositive element

More from Merriam-Webster on nitride

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

The Great British Vocabulary Quiz

  • union jack speech bubble
  • Named after Sir Robert Peel, what are British police called?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can with using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

Can you make 12 words with 7 letters?