Definition of neuron
: a grayish or reddish granular cell that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue transmitting and receiving nerve impulses and having cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons which conduct impulses to and away from the cell body : nerve cell 1
Recent Examples of neuron from the Web
Yosinski zooms in on one of the AI’s individual computational nodes—the neurons, so to speak—to see what is prompting its response.
That is why CPR has to be done so soon after a heart attack or drowning—because if the brain is starved of oxygen-rich blood, the neurons die, along with the memories stored therein.
Under this procedure, a patient's brain is cooled to as low as 50 degrees Fahrenheit, which causes electrical activity in neurons to stop—suggesting that long-term memories are stored statically.
Those drivers cause degeneration of the nervous system, specifically the neurons in the brain that erode when disease strikes.
Similar to the way neurons are connected in the brain, neural nets stitch together tiny programs that collaboratively find patterns in data.
Kernel plans to build a flexible platform for recording and stimulating neurons, with the goal of treating diseases such as depression and Alzheimer’s.
Myelin, the fatty substance that coats the neurons and allows the brain to function efficiently, increases, affording a burst of neural activity.
Researchers who studied the brains of cadavers from people who suffered from both RBD and a brain disease found damage to the neurons in the brain stem.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'neuron'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
NEURON Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of neuron for English Language Learners
medical : a cell that carries messages between the brain and other parts of the body and that is the basic unit of the nervous system
NEURON Defined for Kids
Medical Definition of neuron
: one of the cells that constitute nervous tissue, that have the property of transmitting and receiving nerve impulses, and that are composed of somewhat reddish or grayish protoplasm with a large nucleus containing a conspicuous nucleolus, irregular cytoplasmic granules, and cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons and which conduct impulses toward and away from the cell body : nerve cell 1
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