negative income tax


Definition of negative income tax

: a system of federal subsidy payments to families with incomes below a stipulated level

Examples of negative income tax in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Milton Friedman proposed a negative income tax in his 1962 book Capitalism and Freedom. Matthew Continetti, National Review, "A UBI Would Undermine Work," 25 July 2019 That effectively makes Tlaib’s proposal a basic income, or at the very least a kind of negative income tax (a term used for variants of basic income that phase out with earnings, rather than remaining constant for everyone). Dylan Matthews, Vox, "Rashida Tlaib wants to give low-income adults $3,000 a year each, no questions asked," 12 June 2019 But a good basis is the negative income tax, which subsidises workers below an earnings threshold, while taxing those above it. The Economist, "Capitalism needs a welfare state to survive," 12 July 2018 In more modern times, Milton Friedman, darling of laissez-faire economics, embraced the idea of negative income taxes that put cash in the hands of the poorest people. Peter S. Goodman, New York Times, "Free Cash to Fight Income Inequality? California City Is First in U.S. to Try," 30 May 2018 Economists favour wage subsidies, such as Milton Friedman’s proposed negative income tax, which influenced the design of America’s earned-income tax credit. The Economist, "If wages are to rise, workers need more bargaining power," 31 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'negative income tax.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of negative income tax

1950, in the meaning defined above

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Statistics for negative income tax

Last Updated

8 Aug 2019

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Time Traveler for negative income tax

The first known use of negative income tax was in 1950

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More Definitions for negative income tax

negative income tax


Financial Definition of negative income tax

What It Is

Negative income tax refers to transfer payments given to families whose reported household income fall below a predetermined amount and qualifies them for a supplemental payment from the government.

How It Works

For families whose household income qualifies as insufficient to fulfill their needs, the government provides a subsidy to help ensure their welfare. This assistance is referred to as a negative income tax because the payment schedule is reversed – the government pays the taxpayer.

[InvestingAnswers Feature: The Most Important Tax Changes to Know Before Filing Your Tax Return]

Why It Matters

It is not uncommon for American families to generate a household income which entitles them to pay little or no tax. In certain cases, many families report a level of income so low that tax law stipulates that the government provide them with financial assistance in order to ensure that their needs are met adequately.

[InvestingAnswers Feature: How to Avoid an IRS Audit]

Source: Investing Answers

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to move or obtain by small maneuvers

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