naphtha

noun
naph·​tha | \ ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio) , nonstandard ˈnap- How to pronounce naphtha (audio) \

Definition of naphtha

1 : any of various volatile often flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents

Examples of naphtha in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Crude oil can be converted into naphtha, and gas converted into ethane, which are processed at sprawling industrial compounds into ethylene and plastic resins, then used to create consumer goods like grocery bags and single-use water bottles. Kate Aronoff, The New Republic, "Big Oil’s Evil, Stupid Plan to Drown the World in Plastic," 4 Sep. 2020 While refining margins on polymers are also low at present because of oversupply, the ethylene-naphtha spread has improved from a near-seven-year low of $190 per ton a month ago to $394 a ton now. Washington Post, "Saudi Aramco Bets $15 Billion on India’s Crude Habit," 24 Sep. 2019 That makes Appalachia’s ethane, though still cheap, less competitive as a basic building block of plastics, compared to naphtha — a petroleum product found in other regions whose price falls along with oil. James Bruggers, The Courier-Journal, "Market headwinds buffet Appalachia’s future as a center for petrochemicals," 21 Mar. 2020 The complex’s chemical plant has shut, including its olefins unit -- which takes feedstocks such as naphtha, butane, propane and ethane from the oil refinery and converts them into ethylene and propylene that are used to make plastics. Bloomberg Wire, Dallas News, "How Exxon’s refinery fire in Baton Rouge could depress global oil demand," 12 Feb. 2020 But on March 17, a mechanical problem likely developed around 7:25 a.m. in the storage tank’s pump that mixes the naphtha and butane, according to the report. Washington Post, "Agency: No alert system at Texas facility damaged by fire," 30 Oct. 2019 The night before the fire, two trucks transferred butane, a flammable gas, into the storage tank to mix it with the naphtha. Washington Post, "Agency: No alert system at Texas facility damaged by fire," 30 Oct. 2019 The vast, ambitious novels imagine a steampunkish version of our world, where the rooms are lit by naphtha lamps, blimplike airships cruise the skies, and armored bears prowl the north. Wired, "HBO's His Dark Materials Is a Smart Pragmatic Adaptation," 29 Oct. 2019 The blaze -- which burned for 64 hours and spread to 11 tanks filled with gasoline blend stocks, naphtha, xylene and pygas -- sent a miles-long plume of black smoke over the Houston area for several days. Paul Takahashi, Houston Chronicle, "Oil spill at ITC Deer Park facility closes Houston Ship Channel for three hours," 6 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'naphtha.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of naphtha

1543, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for naphtha

Latin, from Greek, of Iranian origin; akin to Persian neft naphtha

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about naphtha

Time Traveler for naphtha

Time Traveler

The first known use of naphtha was in 1543

See more words from the same year

Statistics for naphtha

Last Updated

16 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Naphtha.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/naphtha. Accessed 22 Oct. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for naphtha

naphtha

noun
naph·​tha | \ ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio) , ˈnap-thə \

Kids Definition of naphtha

: any of various usually flammable liquids prepared from coal or petroleum and used especially to dissolve substances

naphtha

noun
naph·​tha | \ ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio) , ˈnap- How to pronounce naphtha (audio) \

Medical Definition of naphtha

: any of various volatile often flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents

More from Merriam-Webster on naphtha

Nglish: Translation of naphtha for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about naphtha

Comments on naphtha

What made you want to look up naphtha? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Farm Idioms Quiz

  • cow coming home
  • What does 'poke' refer to in the expression 'pig in a poke'?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!