naphtha

noun

naph·​tha ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio)
nonstandard
ˈnap- How to pronounce naphtha (audio)
1
: any of various volatile often flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents
2

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Biological waste is a source of organic and renewable versions of naphtha and methane, compounds typically involved in paint production. Sami Haj-assaad, Car and Driver, 1 Oct. 2022 The Cardon refinery’s naphtha reformer, with a capacity of 45,000 barrels of oil per day (bpd), produces high-octane components for gasoline and is key to the country’s gasoline supply. The Christian Science Monitor, 8 Sep. 2022 At the same time as the U.S. refinery supply squeeze, European countries weaning themselves off exports of Russian oil and naphtha—a petroleum product used to make fuel—are looking to the U.S. to supply more of the world’s fuel. Sophie Mellor, Fortune, 18 May 2022 To make plastic, the petroleum is first refined into naphtha and then into plastic materials such as polyethylene and polypropylene. Austen Hufford, WSJ, 23 Mar. 2022 Two years later, 13 miners were buried alive in the central shaft of the tunnel when a candle ignited naphtha fumes, setting off an explosion and filling the shaft with water. BostonGlobe.com, 24 Sep. 2021 Some 20% of Asia’s naphtha, a precursor to benzene and other key chemicals for plastics, is sourced through the Suez Canal. Tim Mcdonnell, Quartz, 27 Mar. 2021 Plastics manufacturers in Asia could soon see the price of raw petrochemical materials like naphtha rise, Wood Mackenzie analyst Mark Williams wrote in its analysis. Tim Mcdonnell, Quartz, 27 Mar. 2021 Global appetite for oil remains below pre-pandemic levels despite a pickup in consumption of gasoline, naphtha and fuel oil, which is used to heat homes and power ships. Joe Wallace, WSJ, 7 Feb. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'naphtha.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Latin, from Greek, of Iranian origin; akin to Persian neft naphtha

First Known Use

1543, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of naphtha was in 1543

Dictionary Entries Near naphtha

Cite this Entry

“Naphtha.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/naphtha. Accessed 9 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition

naphtha

noun
naph·​tha ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio) ˈnap- How to pronounce naphtha (audio)
: any of various often flammable liquids prepared from coal or petroleum and used especially to dissolve substances

Medical Definition

naphtha

noun
naph·​tha ˈnaf-thə How to pronounce naphtha (audio) ˈnap- How to pronounce naphtha (audio)
: any of various volatile often flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents

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