mono·​sac·​cha·​ride | \ ˌmä-nə-ˈsa-kə-ˌrīd How to pronounce monosaccharide (audio) \

Definition of monosaccharide

: a sugar that is not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis, is classed as either an aldose or ketose, and contains one or more hydroxyl groups per molecule

called also simple sugar

Examples of monosaccharide in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web But there’s no science to say that fructose is a worse monosaccharide for the body than any other, Tewksbury says. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Can Our Bodies Even Tell the Difference Between Naturally Occurring and Added Sugars?," 24 June 2019 The first is monosaccharides, or single sugar molecules, which include fructose, galactose, and glucose. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Can Our Bodies Even Tell the Difference Between Naturally Occurring and Added Sugars?," 24 June 2019 The simplest, most fundamental unit of a carbohydrate is a monosaccharide—a single sugar molecule—made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Here's What Carbs Actually Do in Your Body," 23 May 2019 Your body responds by secreting digestive enzymes to break down the disaccharide molecule sucrose (or table sugar) into the monosaccharide glucose. Kate Morgan, The Cut, "Is Stevia Better for You Than Sugar?," 26 Mar. 2018 FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. Don Rauf,, "High-intensity exercise may be bad for the bowels," 23 June 2017 Glycolaldehyde is a monosaccharide sugar, the basic unit of carbohydrates. Clara Moskowitz, WIRED, "Key Molecule for Life Found in Habitable Region of the Galaxy," 26 Nov. 2008

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'monosaccharide.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of monosaccharide

1895, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for monosaccharide

International Scientific Vocabulary

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Time Traveler for monosaccharide

Time Traveler

The first known use of monosaccharide was in 1895

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Cite this Entry

“Monosaccharide.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 Sep. 2020.

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mono·​sac·​cha·​ride | \ ˌmän-ə-ˈsak-ə-ˌrīd How to pronounce monosaccharide (audio) \

Medical Definition of monosaccharide

: a sugar not decomposable to simpler sugars by hydrolysis

called also simple sugar

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