misdemeanor

noun mis·de·mean·or \ -di-ˈmē-nər \
Updated on: 13 Apr 2018

Definition of misdemeanor

1 : a crime less serious than a felony (see felony 2)
  • defacing school property is a misdemeanor
  • —Jessica Portner
2 : misdeed
  • Student misdemeanors will not go unpunished.

Recent Examples of misdemeanor from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'misdemeanor.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

What is meant by 'crimes and misdemeanors'?

Misdemeanor comes from demeanor, which means “behavior toward others” or “outward manner” (as in “his quiet demeanor”), itself derived from the verb demean, which means “to conduct or behave (oneself) usually in a proper manner”—not to be confused with the other and much more common verb demean that means “to lower in character, status, or reputation” (as in “I won’t demean myself by working for so little money”). These two verbs are spelled the same way but come from different roots.

Therefore, misdemeanor literally means “bad behavior toward others.” This led to parallel usage as both general bad behavior and legal bad behavior. In American law, a misdemeanor is “a crime less serious than a felony.” A felony is defined as “a federal crime for which the punishment may be death or imprisonment for more than a year.” As misdemeanor became more specific, crime became the more general term for any legal offense.

The phrase “high crimes and misdemeanors,” found in Article Two, Section 4 of the Constitution, has been used in English law since the 14th century, as have other fixed phrases using synonymous terms, such as “rules and regulations” and “emoluments and salaries.” It can be very difficult to distinguish between any of these pairs of words, and their frequent use together renders them less technical in today’s highly specific legal vocabulary. “High crimes” are serious crimes committed by those with some office or rank, and was used in the language describing impeachment proceedings of members of the British Parliament in the 18th century.

First Known Use of misdemeanor

15th century


MISDEMEANOR Defined for English Language Learners

misdemeanor

Definition of misdemeanor for English Language Learners

  • law : a crime that is not very serious : a crime that is less serious than a felony


MISDEMEANOR Defined for Kids

misdemeanor

noun mis·de·mean·or \ ˌmis-di-ˈmē-nər \

Definition of misdemeanor for Students

1 : a crime less serious than a felony
2 : misdeed

Law Dictionary

misdemeanor

noun mis·de·mean·or \ ˌmis-di-ˈmē-nər \

legal Definition of misdemeanor

: a crime that carries a less severe punishment than a felony; specifically : a crime punishable by a fine and by a term of imprisonment not to be served in a penitentiary and not to exceed one year — compare felony


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up misdemeanor? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

WORD OF THE DAY

to lower or disgrace the reputation of

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Odd Habits and Quirks Quiz

  • image1926873504
  • Which of the following best describes an easily irritated person?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!