microcephaly

noun
mi·​cro·​ceph·​a·​ly | \ ˌmī-krō-ˈse-fə-lē How to pronounce microcephaly (audio) \

Definition of microcephaly

: a condition of abnormal smallness of the circumference of the head that is present at birth or develops within the first few years of life and is often associated with developmental delays, impaired cognitive development, poor coordination and balance, deficits in hearing and vision, and seizures

Examples of microcephaly in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web And more than half mistakenly thought that the increase in microcephaly cases came about because of childhood vaccinations or a chemical used against the larvae of mosquitoes that transmit Zika to humans. Gary Stix, Scientific American, "Attempts at Debunking “Fake News” about Epidemics Might Do More Harm Than Good," 14 Feb. 2020 And more than half believed the DTaP vaccine contributed to the uptick in babies born with microcephaly. oregonlive, "Misinformation about the coronavirus abounds, but correcting it can backfire," 8 Feb. 2020 The study of more than 200 babies, published Monday in the journal Nature Medicine, also shows that a very small number of children born with the congenital condition known as microcephaly had their symptoms improve. Lindsey Bever, Washington Post, "One-third of toddlers exposed to Zika in the womb suffer developmental problems, study says," 8 July 2019 More than 3,000 babies were born with microcephaly in Brazil during the epidemic. Harriet Blair Rowan, SFChronicle.com, "Invasive mosquitoes plunge deeper into California," 22 Sep. 2019 In microcephaly, the baby’s brain is much smaller than normal. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Hidden Zika outbreak detected with new surveillance method developed by Scripps Research scientists," 22 Aug. 2019 Babies with microcephaly often have smaller, underdeveloped brains. Korin Miller, Health.com, "What to Know About the Zika Virus and Its Symptoms, According to Experts," 21 Aug. 2019 Conversely, a very small number of the children born without symptoms of microcephaly went on to develop it. Lindsey Bever, Washington Post, "One-third of toddlers exposed to Zika in the womb suffer developmental problems, study says," 8 July 2019 Deletion or duplication of this region has been linked to a number of disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, heart disease and microcephaly or macrocephaly, when someone’s brain is abnormally small or large, respectively. Quanta Magazine, "A Missing Genetic Link in Human Evolution," 2 Jan. 2014

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'microcephaly.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of microcephaly

1863, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for microcephaly

New Latin microcephalia, from microcephalus microcephalic, from micr- + Greek kephalē head — more at cephalic

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Time Traveler for microcephaly

Time Traveler

The first known use of microcephaly was in 1863

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Statistics for microcephaly

Last Updated

28 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Microcephaly.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/microcephaly. Accessed 28 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for microcephaly

microcephaly

noun
mi·​cro·​ceph·​a·​ly | \ -ˈsef-ə-lē How to pronounce microcephaly (audio) \
plural microcephalies

Medical Definition of microcephaly

: a condition of abnormal smallness of the circumference of the head that is present at birth or develops within the first few years of life and is often associated with developmental delays, impaired cognitive development, poor coordination and balance, deficits in hearing and vision, and seizures

More from Merriam-Webster on microcephaly

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about microcephaly

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