microRNA

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noun mi·cro·RNA \ˌmī-krō-ˌär-(ˌ)en-ˈā\
variants: or less commonly

micro–RNA

Definition of microRNA

genetics

  1. :  a short segment of RNA that suppresses gene expression by binding to complementary segments of messenger RNA and interfering with the formation of proteins by translation (see translation 2) The 2006 Nobel Prize honored the discovery of RNA interference … and RNAi has helped shed light on the fact that cells naturally use RNA molecules just 20 to 22 nucleotides long, dubbed microRNAs, to regulate gene expression. — Jennifer Couzin —called also miRNA

First Known Use of microrna

2001


Medical Dictionary

microRNA

play
noun mi·cro·RNA \ˌmī-krō-ˌär-en-ˈā\
variants: also

micro–RNA

Medical Definition of microRNA

  1. :  a short segment of RNA that suppresses gene expression by binding to complementary segments of messenger RNA and interfering with the formation of proteins during translation These microRNAs (miRNAs)—21 to 25 nucleotides in length—are negative regulators of gene expression.—Paul S. Meltzer, Nature, 9 June 2005—called also miRNA


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