market economy

noun
Updated on: 13 Oct 2017

Definition of market economy

:an economy in which most goods and services are produced and distributed through free markets

First Known Use of market economy

1929


Financial Definition of MARKET ECONOMY

market economy

What It Is

A market economy is structured to allow market forces to determine prices with little or no government involvement.

How It Works

In theory, a market economy's functions are based on fluctuations in supply and demand for specific goods and services across an entire market. This relationship results in market prices that efficiently distribute goods and services among market participants who are willing and able to pay for them. Regulations by government are theoretically unnecessary, since market forces shift supply and demand and signal price adjustments conducive for efficient exchange of goods and services. Capitalism in its purest form exists in a market economy.

Why It Matters

Most developed industrial economies are a hybrid of market economies and government oversight. Fiscal and economic policies are implemented to protect the less fortunate and sustain overall well-being, include minimum wage laws, social insurance programs and subsidized health care.


MARKET ECONOMY Defined for English Language Learners

market economy

noun

Definition of market economy for English Language Learners

  • : an economic system in which prices are based on competition among private businesses and not controlled by a government


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