landrace

noun (1)
land·​race | \ ˈlan(d)-ˌrās How to pronounce landrace (audio) \
plural landraces

Definition of landrace

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a local variety of a species of plant or animal that has distinctive characteristics arising from development and adaptation over time to conditions of a localized geographic region and that typically displays greater genetic diversity than types subjected to formal breeding practices A small number of popular, high-yielding crop varieties bred by these companies have increasingly edged out landraces, the varieties adapted to localized conditions during millennia of farming.— Janet Raloff By the 1900s most indigenous, colored cotton landraces, or cultivars, grown in Africa, Asia and Central and South America were replaced by all-white, commercial varieties.— James M. Vreeland, Jr. Unlike pedigreed breeds, dogs described as a landrace are a loose population of canines with greater variation in appearance and temperament. They are physically adapted to a specific environment and often selected for working ability.— Kim Thornton

Landrace

noun (2)
Land·​ra·​ce | \ ˈlän(d)-ˌrä-sə How to pronounce Landrace (audio) \
plural Landraces

Definition of Landrace (Entry 2 of 2)

: a usually white, long-bodied pig of any of several breeds having large, drooping ears and developed from stock of the original Danish breed derived from a localized population of free-breeding swine native to Denmark Although [Emma] Wischmeier said she tends to have a special bond with the cows she has raised, first-year exhibitor Sam Williams can't say the same about the 312-pound American Landrace pig he has been caring for since March.— Mark Webber

First Known Use of landrace

Noun (1)

1939, in the meaning defined above

Noun (2)

1908, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for landrace

Noun (1)

probably partly from Landrace, partly as translation of German Landrasse or Dutch landras

Noun (2)

borrowed from Danish, from land "country" (going back to Old Danish, going back to Germanic *landa-) + race "breed, race," borrowed from French — more at land entry 1, race entry 3

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about landrace

Time Traveler for landrace

Time Traveler

The first known use of landrace was in 1908

See more words from the same year

Statistics for landrace

Cite this Entry

“Landrace.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/landrace. Accessed 3 Apr. 2020.

Comments on landrace

What made you want to look up landrace? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Thing: Flower Edition

Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!