kimberlite

noun
kim·​ber·​lite | \ˈkim-bər-ˌlīt \

Definition of kimberlite 

: an agglomerate biotite-peridotite that occurs in pipes especially in southern Africa and that often contains diamonds

Examples of kimberlite in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The Nyurbinsky open pit mine spirals down for about a thousand feet, circling around a core of ore called a kimberlite pipe. Andrew E. Kramer, New York Times, "A Diamond Giant Plays Up Its Russian Ties to Appeal to Americans," 11 July 2018 The diamond-bearing kimberlite formations in the 11,000-foot high Maluti mountains had for years been largely untouched by mining companies, due to the difficulty and cost involved in extracting the stones from such heights. Alexandra Wexler, WSJ, "Miners Dig High to Hunt for the Most Valuable Diamonds," 12 July 2017 Kimberlites are volcanic eruptions that bring material from the depths where diamonds can form. Erik Klemetti, WIRED, "The Crazy Eruptions That Spit Up Diamonds," 5 May 2017 Most kimberlites are old, too, forming from the Proterozoic (between 541 million and 2.5 billion years ago) up to the Cretaceous (79-145 million years ago). Erik Klemetti, WIRED, "The Crazy Eruptions That Spit Up Diamonds," 5 May 2017 Many diamonds are embedded in a dense volcanic rock called kimberlite, which gets its name from the town of Kimberley, South Africa, where several of the world’s first diamond mines were discovered. Sciencenow, WIRED, "How a Diamond Is Like a Champagne Cork," 18 Jan. 2012

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'kimberlite.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of kimberlite

1887, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for kimberlite

Kimberley, South Africa + -ite entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about kimberlite

Share kimberlite

Statistics for kimberlite

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for kimberlite

The first known use of kimberlite was in 1887

See more words from the same year

More from Merriam-Webster on kimberlite

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with kimberlite

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about kimberlite

Comments on kimberlite

What made you want to look up kimberlite? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

the figure or shape of a crescent moon

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Late Autumn 2018 Words of the Day Quiz

  • frosted-autumn-leaves
  • Which is a synonym of yahoo?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!