kimberlite

noun

kim·​ber·​lite ˈkim-bər-ˌlīt How to pronounce kimberlite (audio)
: an agglomerate biotite-peridotite that occurs in pipes especially in southern Africa and that often contains diamonds

Examples of kimberlite in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Rhyolitic tuff weren't the only product either - there are kimberlites that erupted on the Colorado Plateau as well. Erik Klemetti, Discover Magazine, 1 Nov. 2010 The researchers collected historical data describing the plates’ movements and studied kimberlites, the rocks tossed into the air that hold the gems, to learn more about the spectacle, The Guardian reported. Justin Ray, Robb Report, 28 July 2023 One idea posits that the deep plumes of rising, hot mantle that may drive continental breakup could also fuel kimberlite formation. Maya Wei-Haas, New York Times, 26 July 2023 The confluence of these factors create diamond-bearing kimberlite magma. Justin Ray, Robb Report, 28 July 2023 For decades, scientists have known that volcanic eruptions of an igneous rock known as kimberlite can contain diamonds in their rock matrix, and such kimberlite hot spots can be found in South Africa, the northeastern U.S., and Siberia, among other places. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, 1 June 2023 There are kimberlite deposits related to deep-seated volcanism that brought diamonds to the surface, but again, those are as ancient as the rocks surrounding them. Erik Klemetti, Discover Magazine, 19 June 2014 The samples of kimberlite, an igneous rock which sometimes contains diamonds, came from deep beneath Chidliak Kimberlite Province in southern Baffin Island. Rory Sullivan, CNN, 22 Mar. 2020 Diamonds come from kimberlite, a volcanic rock found in deep layers under the earth. Micaela Erlanger, Harper's BAZAAR, 12 Dec. 2019 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'kimberlite.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Kimberley, South Africa + -ite entry 1

First Known Use

1887, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of kimberlite was in 1887

Dictionary Entries Near kimberlite

Cite this Entry

“Kimberlite.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kimberlite. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

More from Merriam-Webster on kimberlite

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!