kermes

noun
ker·mes | \ˈkər-(ˌ)mēz \

Definition of kermes 

: the dried bodies of the females of various scale insects (genus Kermes) that are found on a Mediterranean oak (Quercus coccifera) and constitute a red dyestuff also : the dye

First Known Use of kermes

1603, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for kermes

French kermès, from Arabic qirmiz

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The first known use of kermes was in 1603

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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about kermes

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