jin·​go·​ism | \ ˈjiŋ-(ˌ)gō-ˌi-zəm How to pronounce jingoism (audio) \

Definition of jingoism

: extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy

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Other Words from jingoism

jingoist \ ˈjiŋ-​(ˌ)gō-​ist How to pronounce jingoist (audio) \ noun or adjective
jingoistic \ ˌjiŋ-​gō-​ˈi-​stik How to pronounce jingoistic (audio) \ adjective
jingoistically \ ˌjiŋ-​gō-​ˈi-​sti-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce jingoistically (audio) \ adverb

Jingoism Got Its Start in the 19th Century

Jingoism originated during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, when many British citizens were hostile toward Russia and felt Britain should intervene in the conflict. Supporters of the cause expressed their sentiments in a music-hall ditty with this refrain: We don't want to fight, yet by jingo if we do,

We've got the ships, we've got the men,
We've got the money, too!

Someone holding the attitude implied in the song became known as a jingo or jingoist, and the attitude itself was dubbed jingoism. The jingo in the tune is probably a euphemism for Jesus.

Examples of jingoism in a Sentence

When the war began many people were caught up in a wave of jingoism. his loudmouthed jingoism will not win us any foreign allies
Recent Examples on the Web Yet for all its inherent jingoism, One Billion Americans is not an altogether despairing vision. Jacob Bacharach, The New Republic, "The Emptiness of Matthew Yglesias’s Biggest Idea," 10 Sep. 2020 Gilbert’s lyrics are a satire on the complacent jingoism of the Victorian middleclass at a time when Britannia really did rule the waves and the Brits had maybe got a bit above ourselves. John O'sullivan, National Review, "On Musical Jingoism," 29 Aug. 2020 But wrapping it up in religion and jingoism has proved to be a disservice to those who most rely on it. Vidya Krishnan, The Atlantic, "Why India’s Pandemic Response Is Tipping Towards Pseudoscience," 18 Aug. 2020 This often translates into jingoism and aggressive rhetoric, particularly when playing to a domestic audience. James Griffiths, CNN, "The border spat between India and China is turning into an all-out media war," 9 June 2020 In a little under eight and a half minutes, the film mocks the military mind-set and empty jingoism while creating a picture of an overwhelmed young boy that could melt the hardest heart. Neil Genzlinger, New York Times, "Gene Deitch, Prolific Animator, Is Dead at 95," 24 Apr. 2020 In a little under 8½ minutes, the film mocks the military mindset and empty jingoism while creating a picture of an overwhelmed young boy that could melt the hardest heart. Neil Genzlinger, BostonGlobe.com, "Gene Deitch, prolific animator," 26 Apr. 2020 If nothing else, Armageddon is a crucial cultural artifact: a portent of American culture’s jingoism in the 2000s, when blockbuster action sequences had the tone and tenor of Budweiser commercials. David Sims, The Atlantic, "30 Underrated Films You Should Revisit," 10 Apr. 2020 The language of jingoism is often employed by power-seeking politicians fishing for popular support. Madeleine Albright, Time, "Madeleine Albright: Coronavirus Should Be a Wake-Up Call for World Leaders to Work Together," 20 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jingoism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jingoism

1878, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for jingoism

see jingo entry 2

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The first known use of jingoism was in 1878

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Last Updated

17 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Jingoism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jingoism. Accessed 30 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for jingoism


How to pronounce jingoism (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of jingoism

disapproving : the feelings and beliefs of people who think that their country is always right and who are in favor of aggressive acts against other countries

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