jacquerie

noun, often capitalized
jac·que·rie | \ˌzhä-kə-ˈrē, ˌzha-\

Definition of jacquerie 

: a peasants' revolt

When Was the First jacquerie?

The first jacquerie was an insurrection of peasants against the nobility in northeastern France in 1358, so-named from the nobles' habit of referring contemptuously to any peasant as "Jacques," or "Jacques Bonhomme" (in French bonhomme means "fellow"). It took some time—150 years—for the name of the first jacquerie to become a generalized term for other revolts. The term is also occasionally used to refer to the peasant class, as when Madame Defarge in Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities tells her husband to "consider the faces of all the world that we know, consider the rage and discontent to which the Jacquerie addresses itself with more and more of certainty every hour."

First Known Use of jacquerie

1523, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for jacquerie

Middle French, from the French peasant revolt in 1358, from jacque peasant — more at jacket

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The first known use of jacquerie was in 1523

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