interleukin

noun
in·​ter·​leu·​kin | \ ˌin-tər-ˈlü-kən How to pronounce interleukin (audio) \

Definition of interleukin

: any of various cytokines of low molecular weight that are produced by lymphocytes, macrophages, and monocytes and that function especially in regulation of the immune system and especially cell-mediated immunity often used with an identifying number abbreviation IL — see also interleukin-1, interleukin-2, interleukin-6

Examples of interleukin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Doctors treated him with interleukin inhibitors to slow inflammation, along with the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine and the antibiotic azithromycin. New York Times, "‘Will You Help Save My Brother?’: The Scramble to Find Covid-19 Plasma Donors," 29 Apr. 2020 Fortuity was behind the idea of tocilizumab: When Emily Whitehead, the first child to receive CAR-T, developed cytokine release syndrome, her medical team noted that her blood contained high levels of a cytokine called interleukin 6. Ilana Yurkiewicz, Smithsonian, "The Possibilities and Risks of Genetically Altering Immune Cells to Fight Cancer," 26 Oct. 2019 But different interleukins have different jobs and pathways in the body. Sarah Jacoby, SELF, "What Exactly Are Biologics for Psoriasis?," 21 Oct. 2019 Their movements are marshaled by signaling chemicals, such as the interleukins, which tell cells where and when to fight and when to stand down. Claudia Wallis, Scientific American, "The Messy Facts about Diet and Inflammation," 1 Jan. 2018 And so early efforts centered on making sure the gas tank was filled—priming the immune system with cytokines (such as the interleukins) or with immune-signaling proteins like interferon to rev up the tumor-fighting response. Clifton Leaf, Fortune, "The Secret to Cancer Treatment May Be In Our Guts," 3 Nov. 2017 Convinced his patient would not survive another day, a frantic Grupp got rushed lab results that suggested a surge of interleukin 6 was causing her immune system to relentlessly hammer her body. Laurie Mcginley, Alaska Dispatch News, "First gene therapy – ‘a true living drug’ – on the cusp of FDA approval," 13 July 2017 Convinced his patient would not survive another day, a frantic Grupp got rushed lab results that suggested a surge of interleukin 6 was causing her immune system to relentlessly hammer her body. Laurie Mcginley, Alaska Dispatch News, "First gene therapy – ‘a true living drug’ – on the cusp of FDA approval," 13 July 2017 Convinced his patient would not survive another day, a frantic Grupp got rushed lab results that suggested a surge of interleukin 6 was causing her immune system to relentlessly hammer her body. Laurie Mcginley, Alaska Dispatch News, "First gene therapy – ‘a true living drug’ – on the cusp of FDA approval," 13 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'interleukin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of interleukin

1979, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for interleukin

inter- + leuk- + -in entry 1

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Time Traveler for interleukin

Time Traveler

The first known use of interleukin was in 1979

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Cite this Entry

“Interleukin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/interleukin. Accessed 1 Dec. 2020.

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More Definitions for interleukin

interleukin

noun
in·​ter·​leu·​kin | \ ˌin-tər-ˈlü-kən How to pronounce interleukin (audio) \

Medical Definition of interleukin

: any of various compounds of low molecular weight that are produced by lymphocytes, macrophages, and monocytes and that function especially in regulation of the immune system and especially cell-mediated immunity

More from Merriam-Webster on interleukin

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about interleukin

Comments on interleukin

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